[ads4]Juniper - a perennial plant with soft beautiful needles, which is appreciated not only for its decorative appearance, but also for its medicinal qualities.
Variety of species allows you to choose the most suitable for each gardener. Unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention adds pluses to the desire to grow one of the oldest plants of the cypress family.
To obtain beautiful healthy plant, it must be planted, choosing the right place, soil and time of landing.
And you do not need to wait for warm weather, the plant can be planted immediately after thawing snow.
In the later spring, young stock can also be planted, but there is a danger burning needles.
When planting juniper in the autumn period, it is likely that the plant will not have time to take root and acclimatize.
A plant purchased with a closed root system can be planted Anytime, even in the hot summer months. True, shading from the rays of the sun in the daytime is required.
Juniper grows well only in open sunny places. Sunlight access it should be during the whole day. Some shading is allowed only when growing common juniper, but also to a small extent.
From light intensity depends on the decorativeness of plants, the density of branches and needles. In a juniper growing in the shade, the branches will not grow much, they will be random, forming a shapeless loose mass. Colored needles will lose their original color.
Soil reaction depends on the type of plant. Alkaline is necessary for ordinary, Central Asian and Cossack junipers. To obtain such a reaction, dolomite flour or slaked lime is introduced into the soil.
Other species prefer acid reaction. This is achieved by adding peat and sand to the soil, mulching using wood shavings and peat.
Siberian juniper requires sandy and sandy loamy soil, Virgin - clay soil, in which it is desirable to make compost.
Into the landing pit you need to add drainage from broken brick, pebbles and sand. The thickness of the drainage layer is about 15-25 cm.
The best thing plant young plants growing in containers up to 5 liters. They are easier to plant and take root. Especially if the root system is closed (i.e. the plant is placed in the ground along with a lump of earth).
For planting large plants need some experience and skill. Such seedlings are grown in the ground, they are dug up before sale, wrapped in burlap or placed in special containers and bags made of polyethylene.
Adult plants to plant Not recommended at all. This is due to the peculiarity of the root system, which is pivotal and goes deep into the soil. It is almost impossible to dig up a specimen without damaging the main root. This will lead to almost imminent death of the plant.
Try to plant adult juniper is only possible in winter, with a frozen soil coma. It is noted that the closer the planting is made in the spring, the greater the probability of plant survival.
Before planting specimens in a pit, they are prepared, abundantly wetting a lump of earth 2 hours before landing.
How to plant juniper?
For landing need to dig a hole. Its dimensions depend on the size of the seedling. For young junipers, a pit is made square meter per meter. Dig into the depths of about half a meter. In any case, the pit is made in 2-3 times larger than a soil coma.
The bottom of the pit is lined with a drainage layer. The rest of the space is filled with cultivated soil suitable for each type of juniper. The plant is placed in a pit, trying not to damage the soil lump and roots. In young seedlings, the root neck should be located at the very surface of the soil, in adult plants, rise to 6-12 cm.
After landing, the plant is watered with plenty of water. The trunk circle is mulched various materials - peat, pine bark, wood chips, sawdust, crushed cones, pine nutshells. The layer thickness should be 5-10 cm.
If several copies are planted at once, the correct distance between them should be observed. In small species, it should be at least half a meter. At tall and spreading - from 1.5 to 2.5 m.
Juniper planting from the forest
Subject to the rules, such a landing is quite possible. In some cases, even more reliable, since you yourself choose planting material.
Need to transplant small young plants that still have a small root system. Having found such a tree, mark the sunny side before digging it. Land at home on the same side.
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Digging a seedling together with a lump of soil, immediately placing it in a film of polyethylene or burlap, tightly wrap and tie.
Plant in the garden as well as purchased material.
Planting bush species
You can plant such a juniper before it grows in breadth and in depth. The root system of adult shrubs is strongly intertwined and grows down, deep underground. therefore only planted young specimens under two years of age.
Recommendations for gardeners planting junipers, see the video:
Juniper seed cultivation
Not all types and varieties of plants can be grow from seed. Ornamental hybrid plants propagate only by cuttings. Pollination occurs with the wind, so there are very few full seeds from which it is possible to grow juniper.
You can collect planting material from plants of two years old, during darkening of berriesbut until the completion of this process. Seeds from completely dark fruits "go" to rest and fall into "hibernation", therefore they germinate for a very long time.
After collecting the seeds you need stratify. To do this, take a box and fill it with a moist substrate of peat, sand, moss, in which the seeds are placed. Top cover with another layer of filler.
For the winter, these boxes are taken outside and remain in the snow for the entire cold season for a period up to 150 days. Thus, cold stratification is carried out naturally. It is needed to accelerate germination. Seeds that fail this procedure will be able to sprout only in a year after sowing in soil.
In May, stratified planting material is removed from the substrate and planted in prepared beds. Further care is no different from other plants. Watering, timely weeding, cultivating row-spacings. Finished seedlings are planted in permanent places.
Propagation by cuttings
In this manner can be propagated absolutely all types of plants. Low and common junipers are the most easily rooted.
From the tree you like in the spring, cut off young annual branches, always with a piece of the main plant. The length of the handle is about a decimeter. Material clear of needles and place for a day in a solution that stimulates root formation. At the end of the term, the cuttings are placed in a light substrate (sand, peat or a mixture thereof). It is moisturized, covered with a film or cut off plastic bottles and left to root in a shaded place.
Periodically, the "greenhouse" must be opened for ventilation and make sure that the substrate does not dry out. In a favorable situation in 30-50 days roots will appear.
After successful root formation, the cuttings are planted in open ground, having previously prepared the beds. To prevent young plants from freezing, they are covered with fir or pine branches for the winter.
Transplanted to a permanent place after 2-3 g.
Watering and feeding
Plant able to withstand without watering for a long period. However, in a hot, dry summer, it is recommended to water it at least once a month.
Also periodically have a shower using a spray gun or other sprayers. The procedure is carried out every week in the early morning or evening, when the sun is not as active as during the day.
In the spring, make soil under the plant nitroammophos at the rate of 45 g per square meter. During the summer, juniper can be fertilized with organic or mineral fertilizers no more than once a month. Such top dressing is carried out if the tree grows more slowly than it should be.
It is carried out only in case of emergency, because there is no guarantee that the juniper will take root in a new place.
If you still decide - prepare optimal soil. It is best to mix coniferous land, peat, sand in equal proportions. After placing in a new place, water the tree abundantly.
Winter pruning and care
The plant itself is perfect no cropping required. All that is needed is to remove dry branches at any time. However, when forming a beautiful crown, you can cut off the extra branches using a sharpened tool.
You can’t cut many branches at once - a tree may get sick.
Young plants shelter in the first couple of years lutrasil or other similar material. Older plants with a spreading crown are tied with a rope or twine to prevent breakage of branches due to snow. You can also periodically shake the tree from the attacking snow.
Juniper Spring Care
When the sun becomes active and the snow is quietly falling, a very dangerous period for all types of junipers sets in. They may dieif no action is taken.
The sun is literally capable burn needles, previously located in the snow or simply weaned from burning rays. To prevent this, it is necessary to shade the plants with burlap, fine cloth or other covering material.
After snow, cover material is removed, the trunk circle is cleaned of fallen leaves and other organic debris. The layer of mulch is removed, as it can lead to rotting of the roots. Dig the soil or loosen it. When the soil dries up, the threat of decay will depart, a fresh layer of mulch is poured.
- Rust. The needles become dirty orange, then dry. The reason is that a lot of salts are concentrated in the soil. This can happen if the tree is chosen as a toilet for animals.
- If the needles turn yellow first, then dies, then the plant suffers from excess moisture. This is due to heavy rains or floods, waterlogging for natural reasons, and an increase in groundwater levels. Lack of moisture in the ground and air is manifested by the same symptoms.
- Red growths on the trunk and branches. In dry weather, they are no more than 0.5 cm, after rain they increase 3 times. Mushrooms of rust attacked the tree. To get rid of the scourge, it is recommended to remove the affected branches and shoots in a timely manner. To increase the resistance of juniper with the help of immunostimulants and micronutrient fertilizers.
- Schütte Mushroom Attack. At the beginning of the season, last year’s needles turn orange or brown, but do not crumble. Subsequently, small round black growths appear on it. The fungus attacks weakened plants in the shade. He especially likes humidity, is not afraid of cold weather. Damaged branches must be immediately cut and burned; juniper should be sprayed with sulfur and copper preparations.
- Drying branches and bark cause various fungi. Because of them, growths are formed on the tree in the form of red warts and longitudinal ulcers of the wood. To prevent diseases, copper preparations are used, which are treated with plants in spring and autumn. All exposed scratches and cuts are disinfected with copper sulfate.
Juniper is affected by such pests:
- Aphid. He especially loves young plants with tender needles. A large number of insects can stop the growth of trees and greatly weaken it. To get rid of parasites, it is necessary to destroy the ants that breed aphids in time. Trees are sprayed with solutions of insecticides - Fufanon, Actara, Actellik, Decis.
- Shields. It is easy to recognize the attack of this pest - brown cones of round shape appear on the needles and young shoots. These are scale insects. Their activity leads to the curvature of young shoots, their death and bark. Against them, hunting belts, dressed in spring on trunks, help a lot. With a small number of parasites, they can be removed manually. A mass invasion is destroyed by insecticides - Aktara, Fitoverm, Aktellik.
- Spider mite. His presence betrays a lot of tiny cobwebs, gradually covering the affected tree. Ticks themselves cannot be seen with the naked eye. To prevent their attack, plants periodically bathe under a cold shower - ticks do not like humidity. It is possible to destroy already settled pests with the help of acaricides - Vermitek, Fufanon, Aktellik, Fitoverm.
Juniper care in the country
Growing trees in the country does not present special difficulties, with the exception of lack of space in small areas. Still, juniper requires a fairly large area - up to 2 m in diameter.
In small areas, it is recommended to grow only compact plant species.
Juniper Garden Care
Caring for it does not differ from growing conditions in other places, but the plant brings considerable benefits. Allocating a large number of volatile, he protects surrounding trees from the invasion of pests and diseases.
Many people notice an improvement in fruit quality after planting juniper trees.
Juniper - home care
At home, you can grow juniper in the style of a bonsai tree. The most suitable are the following types:
For the care of a home tree, the same recommendations apply as for a street tree. The place should be sunny, watering should be moderate, periodically spraying required from the spray gun.
Bottom of the landing tank it is filled with a drainage layer, then with soil suitable for your type of juniper. In the warm season, it is advisable to take the plant to fresh air.
Wintering home trees need to clean in an unheated room with a temperature not exceeding 10º. Keep in the light. In cold conditions, watering is extremely rare.
Transplantation is carried out only if necessary in the spring or in November. At the same time, excess branches are cut. To form a bonsai, branches are wrapped for the right direction from October to April. Nipping can be done in the summer - from May to August.
For tips from juniper care professionals, see the video:
Description and some features of juniper
Juniper has been popular among gardeners for decades. It is grown in central Russia, in the suburbs and even in the Urals. In particular, this is due to its decorative properties, since the plant can be used to decorate hedges in the country and decorate personal plots.
Distinctive features of juniper:
- the height of the shrub can vary from 1 to 3 m, but in some cases you can find plants in which the tree form and in height they reach 8-12 m,
- the juniper is distinguished by an erect, branched stalk,
- young specimens have a dark red hue, and old bushes are brown in color,
- the foliage of the culture is needle-shaped or scaly in shape, one whorl consists of several leaves,
- the fruits of the dioecious shrub are represented by oval green cones, the diameter of which is not more than 0.9 cm.
It is worth noting that this culture has both female and male cones. Male fruits vaguely resemble elongated spikelets, which have an oval shape. They are placed on the leaf sinuses, and their shade is bright yellow.
Note! Coniferous berries fully ripen after a spirit of years after the plant has been planted in open ground. They consist of many seeds, but on the surface you can see only fleshy scales, which are very tightly closed.
You can cultivate various types of shrubs both at home and in the open ground. For example, decorative compositions made of juniper are very popular.
How to plant juniper
Planting a crop from a pot into the open ground is necessary with the onset of spring - the beginning of April or the second half of May is an ideal period. When is it better to plant juniper in spring or autumn? The shrub feels great even during an autumn planting (in October), so planting juniper in the autumn is also possible.
How to plant juniper
The culture belongs to photophilous plants, therefore, for juniper ordinary, it is recommended to choose only those areas that are not very shaded. There are no particular preferences for the composition of the soil, but the soil for juniper must necessarily be moist, loose, sandy or calcareous. The acidity level should be in the range of pH 5-7 (it all depends on how the variety and type of shrub are selected).
Purchase and preparation of planting material
For planting in open ground, three-year-old seedlings are ideal, which you must buy in specialized garden stores or nurseries with a good reputation. Перед тем, как купить саженец, нужно тщательно осмотреть его на предмет признаков болезней, если поражения есть, лучше воздержаться от покупки.In the process of planting, you need to try to keep the earthen lump on the root system, otherwise the transplant injures the ends of the roots.
If the seedlings are previously planted in a pot, subsequent planting in the soil can be done at any time during the season. Is it possible to plant juniper in August? Yes, but you should choose a moderately warm day; on hot days, it is strictly forbidden to plant a plant.
Important! Before planting seedlings in the ground, their roots must be soaked in a container of water. Young specimens with an open root system should be planted in spring or at the end of summer, when the humidity is already slightly increased.
How to plant juniper on a stem
Anyone who decides to take up the cultivation of juniper should familiarize themselves with some recommendations for proper planting in order to prevent possible errors. The planting plant algorithm consists of several stages:
- If the bush is large, the distance between the holes must be maintained at least 2 m, and if the plant is small - 0.5 m.
- The depth of the landing fossa depends on what size lumps of earth are on the roots. But its depth must necessarily exceed the length of the roots by at least 2 times.
- 2 weeks before planting, the bottom of the hole should be covered with sand for drainage or with broken brick, the layer height should be 20 cm. Then you need to take the soil mixture, which includes peat, sand, soddy clay soil, mix it with nitroammophos and fill 2 / 3 landing pit.
- After the seedling has been placed in the hole, fill it with a mixture of earth, but without the use of fertilizers. The neck of the root system should be 10 cm above the ground.
Note! If the plant is not very large, after planting in the ground, the root neck should be flush with the ground.
The final stage is watering the seedlings, and after the water is completely absorbed, it is imperative to fill the trunk circle with mulch. For these purposes, experts advise using peat, wood chips or sawdust, while the layer thickness should be 5-8 cm.
How to plant juniper on a stem
How often to water and how to fertilize juniper
Growing and planting juniper does not present any special difficulties. With all the recommendations for planting and care, even the most inexperienced gardener, who does not know how to plant juniper, will be able to grow this amazing shrub on his plot. Caring for a crop consists of several key points, namely:
- Periodic moistening of foliage.
- Loosening the soil.
The question of how often to water the juniper should be decided on the basis of climatic features in the growing region. Throughout the season, you need to water the juniper only if the weather is very hot, and take no more than 1 bucket of water for one seedling. Once every 7 days, it is recommended to moisten the leaves, especially if ordinary or Chinese shrubs are grown. Several times during the season it is necessary to loosen the soil so that a film does not form near the trunk circle, as well as remove weeds.
Coniferous plant selection for Moscow region and Siberia
Junipers are common throughout the Northern Hemisphere. There are about 70 species, and 15 of them are successfully used in landscape design. There are several reasons for planting juniper in its area:
- Saturates the air with volatile products - substances that kill harmful microorganisms.
- There are many decorative varieties with interesting needles.
- You can pick up both tall trees for hedges, and dwarf varieties to frame garden paths and create a lower tier in the mixborder.
- Junipers are centenarians among plants.
Landing in the suburbs, as well as in Siberia and the Urals, is not complete without the initial selection of a suitable variety. Most cultivated specimens are frost-resistant, but some need a large amount of light, which is impossible in the northern latitudes.
Unpretentious types and varieties for giving:
- Ordinary - one of the most common species, combines trees and shrubs of various shapes. It is shade-tolerant, unpretentious, withstands severe frosts. Thanks to the stiff needles, it keeps decorative throughout the year. Gardeners captivates with a variety of forms, longevity. On sale there are representatives with a crown in the form of a pyramid, cone, column, squat carpet. For example, the colon-shaped Gold Coon grows up to 3 m, young shoots are yellowish, adults - green. Hortsmann is an interesting variety with a weeping crown shape. Depressa Aurea, growing up to 40 cm, is ideal for the Moscow region and the middle strip. In the shade of his golden yellow crown loses its color. Creeping Green Carpet can be safely chosen for Siberia, it is winter-hardy and dense, able to withstand snow mass.
What are junipers combined with?
The conifer is considered the king of landscape art. It is impeccable for the design of slopes, retaining walls and borders. Perhaps container, group, single cultivation at the main entrance or in the central part of the site. With the help of spiny landings, landscape designers create hedges and rock gardens. Cases of using coniferous centenarians to prevent soil erosion are not ruled out. When selecting seedlings, it is important to remember that juniper does not tolerate gas contamination, therefore its use is excluded for the landscape of the metropolis.
When placing a rookie, gardeners should consider that not all plants can withstand juniper companies. For example, capricious roses, graceful peonies and clematis are planted no closer than 2 m. The remaining distance is filled with orange or yellow spirea, barberry or dwarf heathers. In order to frame the remaining gaps, choose thyme, tenacity, saxifrage. For charisma, boulders and granite chips are used.
Stone allows you to create natural transitions between plants.
The winning blowing is a combination of Green Aul or Saybrook Gold with stonecrops and red-leafed viburnum. Successful partners are larch, yew, pine, fir, evergreen boxwood. Juniper is an excellent backdrop for daylilies, lavender. Copies with bluish or golden needles stand out against the background of mosses, lichens, heather.
Planting rules: from the purchase of a seedling to acclimatization
After choosing the appropriate variety, it remains to learn the rules of how to plant and care for the conifer. The planting process, as well as the care, are not particularly difficult.
The right choice of seedling:
- he must be young, the optimal age is 3-4 years,
- uniform color of needles,
- the root system is preferably closed,
- bark without spots and damage.
Junipers are light-loving plants, so they are planted where there is enough sun. An exception to the rule is the varieties of juniper. Mature trees and shrubs grow comfortably in the sun, but young in the early years will need a little shelter in the afternoon. In addition to lighting, moderate humidity is important. The occurrence of groundwater at the place of growth should not be close.
As for the soil, conifers take root in almost any area. To preserve the decorative properties, it is better to plant them on loose and light soils. Sandy and sandy soils, as well as loams, are suitable. Excessive fertility harms low bushes.
We keep the distance between landings
For a comfortable existence, you need to maintain a certain distance between the seedlings. For a hedge, the optimal parameters are 0.5 m. If these are large varieties, you will have to leave 1.5-2 m. The same parameters are followed when planting bushes near buildings or a fence. Otherwise, after a few years they will begin to obscure each other. It is important to take into account the fact that creeping varieties in 10 years can occupy an area of 20 m², so initially they will have to leave more space.
Do not plant coniferous shrubs next to stunted plants, so as not to leave the brothers without light and nutrition. The best option is to place conifers around the perimeter of the site or near the house.
When to plant bought juniper so that it acclimatizes faster?
The views of gardeners on the timing of planting are divided. Usually, planting is carried out in the spring, when it gets warmer (in April). This is especially true of cold regions - Siberia and the Urals. In this case, the seedlings have time to adapt to winter. It is possible to plant juniper in the fall - in September. Time depends not only on the region, but also on the type of seedling. It is better to purchase and plant specimens with an open root system in April or September, with a closed one - at any time while it is warm.
Stages of landing in open ground:
- They dig a planting hole about 2-2.5 times wider than a lump of earth with roots. Usually adhere to a depth of 70 cm.
- Broken brick, sand or expanded clay 20 cm thick is poured to the bottom. Drainage will protect the roots from waterlogging.
- Peat, turfy earth and sand (2: 1: 1) are added to heavy garden soil. The ratio varies depending on the type of plant. For example, sandy soils are preferred for Siberian juniper, calcareous soils for Cossack, clayey soils for Virgin.
- Fertilizers are applied when planting tall varieties. Take 150 g of Kemira Wagon per landing pit.
- The seedling is removed from the pot by transfer. A lump of land should be put in a hole as soon as possible and covered with soil so that the roots do not dry out.
How to care for juniper?
Juniper care consists in moderate soil moisture, periodic top dressing, haircuts and planting protection from drafts. The plant tolerates drought well, it only needs 1-2 waterings per season. In a particularly dry period, you can moisten the soil 1 time in 2-3 weeks. In rainy summers watering will be superfluous. After each irrigation, the near-stem circle is loosened for better oxygen access to the root system.
The conifer responds well to weekly spraying. The procedure is carried out in the evening to avoid burns from the evaporation of moisture.
Lighting should be adequate, but it is advisable to shelter young plantings at noon for several hours. From the aggressive effects of ultraviolet needles can suffer.
If fertilizer was applied during planting, then the need for it disappears until the next season. Annually in the spring, nitroammophoska is added in an amount of 45 g per m 2. If the plant develops too slowly, then it is additionally fed with mineral complexes, but not more than 1 time per month.
Video with the advice of the dendrologist.
Pruning is not required for all varieties; some junipers form a regular crown in a natural way. Every spring it is necessary to carry out hygienic trimming of damaged and dried branches. Unusual shapes (ball, cube) are adjusted from spring to late summer.
Even frost-resistant specimens in the first years of life on the site require winter shelter. With the onset of cold weather, plantings are wrapped with “breathing” material or covered with spruce branches. So that the branches do not break off under the weight of the snow, they are additionally tied.
Problems with conifers in gardeners are rare. The only drawback is the burnout of the crown. If you provide covers, you can avoid yellowing needles. In the absence of proper care, plants can suffer from diseases and pests:
- Rust is a fungal disease, manifested in the form of swelling of the cortex and the formation of orange growths. If the fungus is not eliminated, the plant will lose its decorative effect and die. How to fight: diseased branches must be removed, the rest of the plant is sprayed with fungicide (Vectra, Ridomil Gold MC).
Juniper plantings are relevant for many regions. With proper care, frost-resistant varieties take root in severe winters. It is not difficult to grow juniper in the Urals and Siberia, it is enough to monitor the humidity and shelter the trees from frost and the bright winter sun.
Juniper Planting Benefits
- This plant is distinguished not only by its magical aroma, but by the softness and fluffiness of the crown. In addition to these advantages, everyone knows about the medicinal properties of the bush. Before planting a plant on a site, you must first select a variety.
- The shrub belongs to the Cypress family and has more than 70 species. There is plenty to choose from. Depending on the idea, you can choose an interesting plant shape. Junipers lend themselves well to cutting.
- Also, the unpretentiousness of the plant to the soil and climate is an advantage. But, nevertheless, you need to know some rules in order to correctly choose a place for a seedling.
When to plant juniper
- According to experienced growers, the best period would be the very beginning of March. In this case, it is not necessary when the last night frosts leave and warm weather sets in. Start planting right after the thaw.
- If planted later, then the young needles of seedlings can burn in the sun. Which is not desirable.
- When we plant young bushes in the fall, it is likely that they will not have time before the onset of winter and cold weather to adapt and take root.
- Seedlings purchased in the nursery with a closed root system are planted at any time during the spring - summer season. But in the summer you have to come up with a temporary tent for young animals, in order to avoid burning needles. As soon as it gets used and adapts, the tent is removed.
- Different varieties require their own soil composition. Alkaline soil loves Cossack, Central Asian and ordinary shrubs. To achieve the desired substrate, add dolomite flour and slaked lime to the soil.
- Other species grow well in soil with high acidity. To achieve the required consistency, add river sand, peat to the soil, and after planting, mulch the soil with wood shavings in a circumferential circle.
- The Siberian species actively grows only in sandy and super-sandy soils. Virginia feels great in clay soil. Add a small amount of compost to it.
- A prerequisite is the creation of a drainage layer at the bottom of the hole for a seedling of at least 15 - 25 cm. Pebbles, broken brick or coarse sand are suitable. It will allow moisture to not stagnate, and will allow air to pass into the root system in the right amount.
Select a container of approximately 4-5 l to keep the root closed. Being in the ground, it will not be damaged and quickly adapts to a new place. It is recommended to buy seedlings in proven nurseries or garden centers.
If the bush is too large, then they first dig it out of the ground. Then, together with the old soil, the root is wrapped in material or burlap. In this form, it is then purchased by buyers.
Experts categorically do not recommend touching and replanting adult junipers. The root structure of the plant is pivotal, goes deep into the ground. When digging up, you can easily damage the rhizome. This almost always entails the death of a shrub.
In the case when there is a need to plant or transplant a fairly mature bush, then the best time for this will be a winter day. The soil will be frostbitten, and in this condition, along with an earthen lump, a transplant is possible.
The closer to the beginning of the spring you plan to transplant or plant, the more likely it is that the seedling will take root.
Before planting, well pour a lump of earth so that it is soft. You need to do this a few hours before planting the bush in open soil.
- Look at the size of the root with an earthen lump, and then dig a hole about 1 mx 1 m. Depth - at least half a meter. A pit larger than the rhizome of the seedling must be made several sizes.
- A drainage layer rests in the landing pit at the bottom. Then a seedling is placed in a place with a lump. Care must be taken with the roots so as not to damage them.
- Then gradually fill the soil mixture and carefully tamp so that there are no voids.
- In older seedlings, the root neck 6 to 10 cm above the soil level should be after planting, and young bushes are planted so that it is strictly at ground level.
- After planting, be sure to make a layer of mulch up to 10 cm high around the trunk. Sawdust, pieces of bark, peat, small chips of wood will do.
After planting, moisten the soil liberally. When planting several seedlings, observe a gap between them of at least 0.50 m. If the species is large, then keep the distance between the bushes at least one and a half to two meters.
Juniper bush planting technology
- You should have time to plant a plant until it grows very large in diameter. Otherwise, then it will be difficult to do this due to the large size.
- Due to the structure of the root, which has the ability to interweave and deepen deeply into the soil, only young seedlings are planted. Those who are not yet full two years old.
How to grow juniper from seeds
This method can only certain types of plants. Decorative hybrids reproduce only with the help of cuttings. Seeds are extremely few, because pollination occurs through the air.
When the plant reaches at least 2 years, it is possible to collect seeds from it.
Ягоды должны начинать темнеть, но не рекомендуется дожидаться полного окончания процесса. Кусты можжевельника из таких семян долгое время находятся в состоянии покоя и плохо прорастают.
Семенной материал нужно закалить холодом, то есть стратифицировать. Для этого в контейнер положите первый слой, состоящий в равных частях из торфа, песка и кусочков мха. Spread the seeds on top and cover with the same layer on top.
It is recommended that the container with seeds be put outside in late autumn and left in the cold for the whole winter. At this time, stratification of the seed occurs in a natural way. Those seeds that did not pass this period should be planted only after a year in the open year.
In early spring, seeds are planted in open ground. Caring for them is no different from caring for any juniper seedlings: timely irrigation, fertilizer and weeding, loosening of the soil in the round trunk.
Propagation by cuttings
The method is suitable for all types of this shrub. But the most easily propagated in this way is ordinary and stunted.
- In the spring, you need to take a small twig with a stalk no more than 10 cm. Some gardeners recommend planting the cuttings in the summer, as in the spring sap flow begins and it is difficult for the plant to root and grow actively.
- Peel the stem, and put the shoot in a solution with a growth stimulator. Kornevin will do.
- After 24 hours, simply insert the cuttings into the soil, consisting in equal parts of peat and sand. Such a light, airy structure will allow the root to develop faster.
- The soil mixture is abundantly moistened and covered with a film. Or put on top of a stalk a plastic bottle. This creates the effect of a greenhouse. Periodically, it is necessary to moisten the soil and ventilate the shoots.
- The container with cuttings must be put in a calm, cool place where there is no sun and light.
- If you follow all the rules, then after 1 - 1.5 months there will be rooting of cuttings.
- Then you need to prepare the planting pits in advance and plant the rooted cuttings, observing the correct agricultural practices.
For the winter, the cuttings are covered with spruce branches and a mound of snow is made from above. Young plants are transplanted to a permanent place only after a few years. You can even after 3 years.
How to feed juniper in summer
It is necessary to evenly distribute 40 g of nitroammophoski over the entire area of the earth near the trunk circle. After the fertilizer has been applied to the soil, the standard juniper should be watered abundantly.
Note! If, when planting a plant, land that was very poor in useful trace elements was used, it is necessary to fertilize the shrub until the growing season ends. The interval between feeding should be 4 weeks.
How can juniper propagate?
There are several ways:
- propagation by layering (applicable only to creeping varieties),
The most popular is the method of propagation by cuttings, step by step instructions will be presented below.
Prepare the cuttings should be in the spring, cutting for this small shoots that are already numb. The length of the cuttings should be at least 5 cm, they must necessarily have an internode and a “heel”. For these purposes, cutting the cuttings is not recommended, you need to tear off your hands so that the parent plant remains at the end, or rather, a piece of its bark. The next step is the processing of the cuttings with a substance that will stimulate the active growth of the root system.
It is necessary to plant cuttings, following the scheme 7 * 7 in a mixture of land, for the preparation of which peat or humus will be needed, as well as sand. After planting material has been planted, it must be covered with a glass jar on top for protective purposes.
Note! Before autumn comes, seedlings are completely rooted in the ground, but transplanting to a permanent bed is possible only after 2 years.
Diseases and Pests
Often juniper can infect a fungal disease such as rust. It is possible to determine that a plant is infected by cones, shoots, skeletal branches and needles, on which thickenings appear that have a fusiform shape. The root neck is covered with influxes and swellings, the bark begins to dry and crumble, which entails the formation of deep wounds. If you do not apply any treatment methods, this will lead to the death of the plant.
To eliminate the first signs of this disease, it is necessary to trim the infected branches. Sections and wounds must be disinfected using a 1% solution of copper sulfate for these purposes, then take the Rannet paste and treat them. Cut branches immediately need to be burned.
Juniper can also suffer from diseases such as:
- Necriosis of the bark of shoots.
- Biorell cancer and rust.
If you pay due attention to it and create comfortable conditions when growing a crop, strong immunity will protect the plant from damage by pests and diseases.