Escherichia coli is a large group of bacteria that live in the intestines of animals and humans. Most strains of these bacteria are harmless to humans, but some can cause serious harm to our health, especially the health of children and the elderly. E. coli can cause diarrhea, respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and a host of other diseases. There are several ways to infect Escherichia coli. To prevent infection in the most common ways, you must take the following measures:
Infection with E.coli
E. coli it is a fairly common bacterium that lives, including in the human intestines. It stimulates the digestive system, participates in the distribution of food and promotes the production of vitamins B and K.
Although the bacterium E.coli is beneficial in the large intestine, getting them to other parts of the body is very dangerous. This is one of the most common urinary tract infections. The appearance of infection is promoted, in particular, by catheterization and improper hygiene.
Escherichia coli entering the gastrointestinal tract leads to food poisoning. Until recently, it was believed that unwashed raw vegetables (especially environmentally friendly) were the main source of infection. As it turned out, other products can also be infected with dangerous bacteria.
Typical symptoms of E.coli bacteria poisoning:
- diarrhea lasting more than two days,
- severe pain in the abdomen,
- nausea and vomiting,
- general weakening of the body.
Due to the high risk of dehydration during diarrhea and heat, a large amount of fluid should be consumed, and of course, restore the level of electrolytes. If diarrhea persists for two days, you should immediately consult a doctor.
How to Avoid E. coli Bacteria
The easiest way to avoid infection is to follow the rules of hygiene. No wonder they say that infection with E. coli is dirty hand disease.
In order to avoid infection, follow these rules:
- wash your hands before each meal and after each use of the toilet,
- try not to touch your face with your hands, so as not to transfer pathogens to your mouth and nose, from where they get a direct path into the body,
- wash vegetables and fruits
- do not eat raw meat,
- do not drink water from unverified sources or boil before use,
- avoid bars of dubious purity, as well as eating fast food in roadside eateries,
- do not eat from one plate, do not use other people's dishes.
Escherichia coli dies within 20 minutes after staying at a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius. Destroy it, as well as disinfectants. However, it shows high resistance to low temperature and humid environment, where it can live for months.