Before starting a war with mice, it is necessary to identify the ways of their penetration into the house. A proven folk method of determining the habitats of rodents is very simple: sprinkle the floor with flour, starch or other similar substance in the evening. In the morning, following the traces left by the night guests, it will be possible to consider the ways of their movement up to a centimeter: where they get out, where they run and how they return. After exploring the future battlefield, you can begin fighter activities.
Another study, which also cannot be neglected, is to carefully check all the walls of the house in order to detect the passages through which the mice enter the room. Most often, such holes are of commonplace constructional origin.
Badly sealed joints between panels, holes or crevices under carelessly fixed baseboards serve as a convenient gate for small rodents. But one should not lose sight of the possibility of gnawing their own passages in the most secluded places.
If the mice climb between the walls, then the fight against them must begin with closing all the discovered holes through which the animals penetrate the room. The most reliable is to fill them with a mixture made of concrete and broken glass. As practice shows, no one has managed to chew such a composition. But first, it is recommended to put rags soaked in caustic substances in minks: vinegar, mothballs or ammonia. You can simply put poison there, or bunches of plants that rodents are afraid of - tansy, peppermint, black elderberry.
Communication will require special attentionallowing mice to easily enter the internal cavities of the walls: ventilation ducts, sewer and water supply leads. They should be picked up with a fine mesh, necessarily metal, not plastic.
For sealing holes, gaps and the space around communications, the best solution is a special metallized wool from the Swiss company SWISSINNO.
Unfortunately, all these events have one, but very unpleasant side effect. Rodents encased in the walls, unable to get out, eventually die, and their corpses begin to decompose. What smell is set up at the same time is probably clear to everyone.
Mummifying Poisons for Rodents
There can be several ways out of this unpleasant situation. One of them is the use of poison with a mummifying effect that prevents the decomposition of the bodies of dead animals. For example, a popular remedy for mice in the Goliath house.
Can be recommended for this purpose. Set 4 in 1 Inta-Vir from mice and rats. It consists of four new generation mummifying lures, placed in one package. Such a combination is suitable for the extermination of rodents both in city apartments, private houses, and in utility rooms and, even, on the street.
- The cost of a set - from 290 rubles
The benefits of the full kit are obvious:
- - convenience and prostate dosage - each bait contains one lethal dose,
- - 100% efficiency - death overtakes rodents no later than the fourth day after they try the "treat",
- - quality and environmental safety, verified by the State Consumer Supervision Agency and the Institute of Dysenfectology,
- - profitability - six hundred gram packaging is designed for an area of 300 m²,
- - the presence of the bitter additive "Mitrex", inedible for everyone except rodents, eliminates accidental poisoning of domestic animals.
Prevention of the appearance of rodents in the walls before the start of repair work
Another option is to try to lure the mice out of the walls and destroy it before the start of repair work. It also has to be used in cases where it is not possible to detect the exit sites of rodents. There are several ways to do this:
The action on rodents of substances with a pungent odor has already been mentioned. Sticky traps are recommended to slip into burrows near the entrance, so that they can be easily pulled out along with glued victims. Mechanical mousetraps should be installed along the path of movement or near the places where mice enter the room.
Very convenient for such use. electric mousetrap Victorhaving a ready-made bait.
The trap is a plastic box with two "floors", which makes it absolutely safe for pets and children. The mouse runs up the ladder to the second level, where the bait is located and is destroyed by a strong discharge of current, after which it enters a special container.
- The cost of the trap - from 4500 rubles
Up to 10 mice can fit in a container.
We expel mice from the house using ultrasound
As for repellers, the most effective for use in apartments and private houses are recognized ultrasonic devices Tornado-300 and Tornado-400.
The main element of any ultrasonic repeller of the Tornado series is an ultrasonic emitter. It can generate ultrasound at a frequency that the human ear almost does not perceive. But the mouse-like rodents hear very well. So good that they run out of the room without looking back. Dogs, cats and other domestic animals are not sensitive to these fluctuations. Only some people who are owners of particularly acute hearing are able to notice the subtle buzz of the included device.
- The cost of the repeller - from 2100 rubles
A small device - a rectangular box 13 centimeters long and weighing 500 grams, can serve an area of up to 300 m². And TORNADO-400 is even 400 m². Their power does not exceed 10 W, they work from a standard 220V outlet.
The hardest thing to get rid of mice that settled behind drywall. This popular material is thin and loose enough for animals to gnaw at without any problems. You can cement the holes made by mice in it as much as you like - they will certainly appear again.
What to do if a mouse is wound up in a wall made of drywall? Is it even possible to use it where rodents often appear? There is a way out - this is the use of additional materials inaccessible to mouse teeth.
The simplest solution is plasterboard reinforcement with metal meshhaving small cells. It is enough to do this from the outside by attaching the skin at the level of forty or thirty centimeters from the floor. But the holes in the grid should be as small as possible - dodgy mice are able to squeeze into holes the size of no more than a pencil.
If the repair is already completed and there is no way to redo it, pay attention to What (which was discussed above). Such devices will force your house to leave pests after 2-3 weeks of constant use.
Another possibility is the use of materials unsuitable for the life of mice, placed in the space between the wall and the drywall. For example, broken glass, or glass wool, which, in combination, is also a good insulation. Ecowool with orthoboric acid is also suitable. This substance is capable of causing intolerable thirst in mouse-like rodents - unable to withstand such a “drought”, they eventually leave their nests.
If you believe the manufacturers, suitable for expelling mice from the walls and all known expanded clay and foam glass. The microclimate established after filling them up, rodents also do not like too much.
Some craftsmen advise to plant seeds of prickly plants - burdock and black root between the walls, which cling to the fur coats of animals and prevent them from moving. You can use boric acid powder, but this can only be done during the repair.
Prices: Diamond cutting (diamond cutting)
|Thickness of structures (see)||Brick||Concrete||Monolith||Asphalt|
|Up to 12||400||700||900||300|
This decision must necessarily be supported by the permission of the architectural service, especially when it comes to load-bearing walls. Otherwise, unskilled intervention can cause the destruction of not only a separate wall, but the entire building. This may entail not only administrative, but also legal liability.
It is important to know that when designing some residential buildings to reduce costs, they reduce the margin of safety of building structures. Therefore, in such houses it is impossible to re-plan the bearing walls.
Perhaps the neighbors have already made changes to building structures, and their strength has decreased. Then redevelopment is also impossible.
What do you need to open a brick wall?
Before starting work, it is necessary to find out whether pipes, wires pass through the place of the future opening of communication. Discovered communications are transferred to another place. Plaster and other coverings to bricks are completely removed from the wall.
It is important to find out if the rebuilt wall is not a load-bearing wall. For this, construction drawings are used.
The size of the opening is regulated by building codes. In the load-bearing wall, the maximum permissible opening width is 200 cm. The load will be distributed evenly if the opening is arranged closer to the center of the wall.
It is very important, getting to work, to make the correct markings of the future opening. If mistakes are made, it is difficult to correct them in the future. Markings are applied in accordance with the project on the wall surface on one side with a ruler, a square and a pencil. To transfer marks to the other side of the wall, drill through holes at the corners of the perimeter and connect them with a pencil, outlining the perimeter of the future opening. To prevent collapse of the brickwork, install supports. Rectangular holes 75 * 100 mm are punched along the perimeter of the future opening, according to the size of wooden studs, which are cut from beams. The studs are inserted into the prepared holes and supported by vertical supports of iron beams. It turns out the wall-fixing contour. Now, when punching an opening, the wall will not be damaged.
What are the dangerous mice in the apartment and how to get rid of them
Mice are small mammals that can eat at one time an amount of food equal to 30% of their own body weight. In the territory of the former USSR, more than one hundred species of mice live. The most common are field, brownie, earthen and forest.
It would seem, what harm can these small creatures do? In fact, such a neighborhood is very dangerous for human health, as well as for his home and things.
Mice climb everywhere; they can crawl into bed and bite a sleeping person. Their squeak does not allow you to sleep peacefully and can greatly scare a small child.
In the wild, they feed mainly on plant foods, but at home they eat absolutely everything. They squeak and damage the wires, increasing the risk of fire in the apartment. They can also gnaw a large amount of building materials, which will significantly reduce the life of the house.
Mice in the apartment are also dangerous because they are carriers of a large number of diseases. Their invasion spawned epidemics such as typhoid and plague.
Also, the mouse is able to infect humans and pets with rabies and helminths. And it’s not even necessary that a mouse bites you, fleas that certainly live on these rodents are also sources of infection.
In the kitchen, mice are also capable of doing a lot of trouble. They eat stocks of cereals and flour, most of all they love apples and potatoes. Rodents can crawl into any gap, so if they wound up, then it is useless to hide food and water from them. By the way, everything that has been touched by mouse teeth is considered poisonous and dangerous to health, so it is no longer possible to eat such products in food.
Mice are very prolific creatures. Already at the age of 3 months, the female is able to give the first offspring. A house mouse can produce up to 14 offspring per year. 5-7 pieces - that's how many mice in one brood!
These little animals are very fond of nibbling fabrics. They can live in closets with clothes that you don’t use. Things at the same time acquire a specific smell, which is very difficult to remove.
Do mice bite the foam
There is an opinion that if you close the mouse hole with mounting foam, then the small pests will leave and you will not be disturbed anymore. One such opinion is far from the truth, in fact, the mice even really like it, there is such material.
Reasons for mice to chew on foam:
- Mice gnaw foam due to the constant growth of teeth. This soft building material allows rodents to grind the upper incisors without breaking them.
- It is easier to gnaw at mounting foam and foam sheets of other materials, so if you have areas covered with this substance, then be sure that the mice will make a new move in it.
- The mouse and rat are very smart animals. There are frequent cases when they ennobled their home with foam.
There are materials that are similar in their characteristics to polyurethane foam, but are hazardous to the health of mice. For example, eco-cotton contains boric acid and other substances that can cause a rodent to swallow a rodent that suffocates. Also, mice are afraid of such a heater as glass wool, you can sprinkle on the place where you are going to pour the mounting foam with broken glass.
In Europe, mounting foam is sold that can not be bitten by mice. It is safe for human health, but it contains bitter impurities that rodents dislike.
Can mice climb walls
Can mice climb walls? It would seem that this question borders on science fiction. However, these small animals with sharp claws learned to run on vertical surfaces.
The only material that rodents cannot catch on with their claws is glass. From it they slip and fall down. There were times when mice climbed to kitchen shelves and fell from them into unopened pots with food.
Mice would have flooded the whole world long ago. However, fortunately, these dangerous rodents usually live no more than a year. Also, from the invasion of these animals we are protected by their high mortality rate. Most predators love to eat these animals.
Mice can climb walls. They feel great in city apartments, in the office, in the greenhouse, in the country with lined clapboard and in the attic of a private house.
How to bring mice out of the house: the reason for the appearance
Mice live everywhere. They consider themselves our full neighbors. It is difficult to find a private house where rodents do not visit from time to time. Mice usually get into city apartments through garbage chutes and cellars, however, rats are more characteristic guests for such dwellings.
You ask: "Why do mice like our homes so much." The fact is that these small animals in the wild are constantly forced to look for food and escape from predators, and in a human home they can feel calm.
Most mice move from the fields and forests to apartments only in the cold season, when they cannot find food on the street, but the laziest mouse will remain in the lived-in mink until spring arrives.
Mice are also attracted to houses where uncleaned food is left on the tables, and dishes that are not washed in the sinks. Garbage, dust, lack of gratings on ventilation openings - factors contributing to such a neighborhood.
Where do the mice come from? Usually they look "at a light" from their natural habitat - fields and forests. If a mouse is wound up in a city apartment, do not rush to reproach yourself with sloppiness, very often rodents come from garbage chutes and basements. If this is true, and the mice are attacking your neighbors, then they won’t be able to drive them out by simple means, you will have to call the sanitary services, which will clean not only your apartments, but also the cellars with the garbage chute.
How to determine the presence of rodents in the house:
- Pay attention to the sounds. If something is scratching in your closet or wall, it will almost certainly be a mouse. If you hear mouse squeaking, then most likely you have become the owner of a whole mouse brood.
- Pay attention to sudden movements. Mice rarely go out of the hole in the presence of daylight. However, if you often see flickering shadows in the corners and near the walls, then maybe you have crawling mice.
- The surest sign of the presence of mice in the house is their litter. It looks like shiny black oblong grains. If you find such traces in the corners or in the cabinets with food, then the mouse is already at your place.
- Look for mouse nests. Typically, rodents build their houses in warm and quiet places. You can find such a dwelling in a closet with clothes that you don’t wear, in a closet or in the attic; mice can also make a hole in a wall, in sawdust, in sand or in expanded clay.
- A peculiar musty smell can also indicate that mice are wound up in your house.
Based on all these signs, it will be easy to detect the presence of mice in your home. After the problem is discovered, these neighbors will only have to kick out.
How to get rid of mice in a wooden house in folk ways
If you do not want to find a dead mouse in your trap in the morning, then you can use humane traps. With their help, you can bring the mouse, without killing it.
Humane methods of protection against rodents are considered effective if you have only one mouse in your house. С большим количеством животных придется бороться жесткими мерами.
Делаем гуманное устройство против мышей:
- Стеклянная банка или бутылка кладется на стол так, чтобы ее горлышко было поднято вверх. Такого положения банки можно добиться, подложив под нее деревянный брусок.
- Чтобы выманить мышь в банку кладется вкусная приманка, например, сыр.
The principle of operation of such a trap is that the mouse will crawl into the neck of the jar for refreshments, and it will not be able to get out of it as it will slide off the glass surface. Do not use a cardboard box, the mouse will gnaw at it. The next day you will be able to release the captive at liberty, however, remember that this can be done no closer than 1.5 km from the house.
You can also spread tansy, chamomile, wormwood, burdock or mint in the rodent habitats, or treat the floor with ashes. However, such measures do not help everyone.
One of the most effective ways to get rid of rodents that can gnaw even concrete is a cat. This beast will quickly catch uninvited guests and will not let you start new ones. The cat copes best with pest-eating pests, because female predators, in addition to themselves, need to feed their family as well, so their hunting instincts are better developed.
Modern rodent protection
If you have a large number of mice in your apartment or in a wooden house, they sleep under the floor, climb on your products, and do not fall into traps, you will have to use more modern methods. There are a lot of such methods, but not all of them are humane and many lead to the death of rodents.
The most effective methods when mice appear:
- Poisons - The most effective, but cruel method to destroy mice. If your house has children or pets, then this method is not suitable for you.
- Mousetraps - successfully used for a very long time. Such a trap instantly kills the mouse. You can use cheese, fruit or red bell peppers as bait.
- Repellers make a sound whose frequency a person does not hear, but are afraid of the mouse. Such a device can work continuously.
All these traps are incredibly effective. Feedback on their work is always positive. In this case, mice will not save a single hole, not the skills of fast running.
After you destroy uninvited guests, do not forget to remove their bodies. The remains of animals decompose from time to time, and are dangerous to health, they can also cause worms and caterpillars. And just stumbling on a skull that remained after the invasion of mice is not very nice.
Mice in a frame house
In the frame house, mice are most often wound up. The fact is that such designs suggest the presence of a large number of hollow niches, where mice live especially comfortably and safely.
To protect your home from mice, use protective equipment during construction. Rodents cannot live in reinforced concrete floors, so you can put a concrete-metal structure in the base of the house.
Also, rodents really like the insulation, which is abundantly present in frame houses. They gnaw through it easily and arrange warm and cozy minks in it.
To protect the frame house from mice, a fine-mesh metal mesh is used. It is laid during construction, and does not allow mice to get into the home.
If the house has already been built, then the grid can also be used by burying it under the ground near the concrete base; an earthen mouse does not crawl through a small cell.
Which grid to choose? Of course metal, with small cells. It is necessary to do protection against mice at the stage of building construction, such a device is laid under the heater on the floor and on the walls. After installing such protection, you can even finish your house with drywall.
Folk methods: how to get rid of mice in an apartment (video)
You have got mice in the house and you don’t know what to be upset about: the possibility of contracting dangerous diseases or spoiled wiring and food eaten? Do not wait for your "neighbors" to breed to enormous numbers, and use the means to evict them. Keep clean, and never in your house when there will be no unexpected guests!
Punching an aperture in a brick non-bearing wall
In order to prevent collapse, the excavation of bricks begins from the upper row. Bricks are carefully knocked out with a hammer and a chisel or using diamond cutting. The hole must be strengthened with a jumper, which will evenly distribute the load on the opening. For the lintel, two channels are used, which should be 30 cm longer than the opening on each side. Previously, in the channels every 30 cm drill holes. To install the reinforcing elements, grooves are made on both sides of the wall, channels are inserted into them, they are joined together by metal studs threaded into the prepared holes, and fastened with washers.
Next, the bricks are excavated in the usual way. If the wall is thick, the bricks are taken out gradually on both sides.
How an aperture breaks through load-bearing walls
If the supporting wall undergoes reconstruction, then it must necessarily be strengthened over the opening. To do this, use metal corners or a channel. They withstand loads well, without undergoing deformation. Corners are preferable, as they fit snugly against the wall and the edges of the opening. The technology for installing the reinforcing structure is as follows. Along the perimeter of the opening, grooves are made in which corners or channels are inserted in pairs on one and the other side. Through the through holes made, the corners are pulled together by bolts. Then proceed to the excavation of bricks for the future opening, using a diamond tool, or carefully wielding a chisel and a hammer.
When the opening is broken, it is necessary to strengthen its lateral planes and the lower part. To do this, cut off two pairs of channels of the desired length for the side supports and one pair for the bottom, make holes in them. On the wall, grooves are cut into which channels are inserted and fastened with construction pins, threaded through holes drilled into the wall. The side channels are welded to the upper and lower channels. Additionally, the metal structure is reinforced with vertical metal jumpers. For lintels, metal strips are used, cut into segments equal to the thickness of the wall. By welding, they are connected to vertical channels with an indent of 30 cm. Jumpers are placed around the entire perimeter of the opening.
The final stage of work will be the plastering of the punched opening, the installation of a window or door in it.