The New York Freedom Tunnel was once a haven for several hundred or several thousand homeless people living in makeshift homes. In the 90s, the Federal Service for Passenger Railway Communication forced them to leave this place, and the Freedom Tunnel became a haven for graffiti artists.
The Freedom Tunnel is a few miles of history and art, and every urban enthusiast should see it. It is very easy to reach and you will not need any equipment.
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|Underground||Bowling Green Station Lines 4 and 5, South Ferry Station Lines 1 and Whitehall St. Station Lines N and R (to Battery Park in Manhattan)|
|Bus||M5, M15, M20 to South Ferry, then walk to the ferry station.|
|Ferry||Statue cruises ferries|
The world's most recognizable symbol of New York and the United States is the monumental statue of Liberty. The full name of the sculpture is “Freedom that illuminates the world” (English - Liberty Enlightening the World).
The statue rises in New York Bay, on Liberty Island, located 3 km from the south coast of the always vibrant Manhattan. In honor of the statue, the former island of Bedlow was popularly called at the beginning of the XIX century, officially it was renamed in 1956.
The sculptural image of the Goddess of Liberty is deeply symbolic. The inscription on the tablet that Liberty holds in her left hand: "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI" - "July 4, 1776" - the official date of adoption of the Declaration of Independence of the United States. With one foot, the goddess stands on broken shackles. The Crown of Liberty has seven rays - this number echoes the number of continents and seas (seven in each - according to Western geographic tradition).
Monuments-copies of the statue of Liberty Bartholdy can now be found in different countries of the world. The most famous of them are in Paris, Tokyo and Las Vegas.
Weight and height of the Statue of Liberty in the USA
According to various sources, the weight of copper in the statue is from 27.22 to 31 tons, the weight of the steel structure is 113.4-125 tons. The total weight of the Statue of Liberty exceeds 200 tons.
The height of the Statue of Liberty in New York is 93 meters, it includes a concrete-steel pedestal and a 46-meter female figure with a torch in her right hand and a tablet in her left.
There is an elevator inside the pedestal. To rise to the crown of Liberty from the level of her legs, it is necessary to overcome 377 steps.
Contrary to popular belief, the Statue of Liberty in the United States is not among the ten tallest monuments in the world in its height. However, taking into account the pedestal, it takes 6–8 place in the list of the largest monuments (depending on the classification), it is the highest statue in the USA.
History of the Statue of Liberty
France is the country that presented the Statue of Liberty to the centennial of the American Revolution.
The brass neoclassical sculpture was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdy. The support structure was carefully thought out by Gustave Eiffel and his assistant engineer Maurice Köchlin. According to the agreement, the monument was erected by the American side according to the project of R. M. Hunt.
The place to erect the monument in New York's harbor was approved by Congress in 1877, taking into account the wishes of the sculptor Bartholdi, who chose the island, past which all ships arriving in New York sailed.
For several reasons, the statue was installed later than the anniversary date. Financing problems were relevant for both countries. To attract investors, the right hand was first completed with a torch: they were exhibited in 1876 at the World Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876, and then exhibited in New York's Madison Square.
The French part of the monument - the figure of Liberty - was completed in 1884. The frigate Isere delivered the statue to New York on June 17, 1885. 350 components of the future design were packed in 214 boxes. The assembly took about 4 months.
The unveiling of the Statue of Liberty on October 28 was followed by a ceremonial parade on the streets of New York. High-ranking politicians chaired by US President Stephen Grover Cleveland attended the ceremony on the island. The builders laid the first stone of the pedestal on August 5, 1885. To strengthen the structure, steel lintels and anchor beams extending upwards (like the Eiffel Tower frame) were built into the masonry for the installation of the statue.
Green plaque characteristic of copper has been covering the statue since about 1900, natural oxidation protects the metal from atmospheric influences.
Since 1933, the statue has been managed by the US National Park Service (NPS).
During the Second World War, the symbol attraction remained open to sightseers, but was not illuminated at night. On the day of the Norman operation that was successfully carried out on June 6, 1944, the lights of the lighthouse statue conveyed the news of victory (letter V in Morse code).
In 1946, the inside of the statue was covered within the reach of visitors with special plastic, from which inscriptions can be easily washed off.
The original torch of the Statue of Liberty is now in the museum inside the pedestal. As you know, it was badly damaged as a result of the explosion on the Black Tom Peninsula in 1916, later it was modernized, but still required restoration, because water began to penetrate into the monument through it. As part of a massive restoration of 1984, the torch was replaced with its exact historical copy: it reflects the sun's rays in the daytime and is illuminated by spotlights at night.
The American Statue of Liberty was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984 as “a masterpiece of the human spirit, a powerful symbol of peace, human rights, the abolition of slavery, world democracy and opportunities.”
In a restored form, the statue became available to visitors in 1886. A second temporary closure occurred shortly after the September 11 attacks until the end of 2001, but the pedestal became available only in August 2004. Later, the monument was closed twice for visitors: for the period of installation of new elevators (for the year from October 2011), in connection with the suspension of the government (October 1–13, 2013).
How to get there
Entrance to the national park of Liberty Island is free, but access to it is possible only by ferry, for a trip on which you need to pay a fixed amount. The route also covers Ellis Island, where the immigration museum is now located. For private ships, the moorings of the island are closed.
Special cruise ferries (Statue Cruises ferries) run from two berths daily from Manhattan's Battery Park and from Liberty State Park to Jersey City (New Jersey) daily. The first ferry to the island leaves at 9:30, the last - at 15:30.
The cost of the ferry ticket to the Statue of Liberty: for adults and children from 13 years old - $ 18.5, for children 4-12 years old - $ 9, for older people (from 62 years old) - $ 14, for children under 4 years old - free of charge. It is recommended to book tickets in advance - on the official website of the ferry company (for the site to be accessible - anonymous entrance). Additional rates can also be found on the US National Parks website.
You can use the New York Pass to take the ferry to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island. Details of the NYP map can be found on the corresponding website.
Statue of Liberty webcams
New York webcams overlooking the Statue of Liberty overlook the main monument from different angles - a great way to view the attraction in absentia.
A classic general view in real time is demonstrated by a camera mounted on the shore in the Brooklyn Port area. Two cameras are mounted directly on the statue and show its individual details in the vicinity. Read more about New York online cameras, including those installed on the statue or facing it, read in a special selection with links.
Which minibus routes stop near the address: Tunnel
These minibus routes stop near the address: Tunnel: Minibus - 449.
Looking for a way to get to the Tunnel in St. Petersburg, Russia? Your trip is now easier than ever!
Download the Moovit app to find the fastest way! View updated bus, metro or minibus timetables to the Tunnel. Open the latest timetables for all available trips from the Tunnel along with real-time step-by-step instructions.
The Moovit app informs you of stations and stops near your destination. Choose a stop from the list closest to the Tunnel: Road to Pushkin, S. Pulkovskoe / S. Petersburg.
Choose your bus, metro or minibus options to get to the Tunnel. Here are some routes that pass nearby: (Bus) Bus - 150, Bus - 155, Bus - 187, Bus - 301, (Minibus) Minibus - 449.
Want to get to the Tunnel and back, but don’t know the exact address? Choose your destination on the map and Moovit will help you find better routes to your destination!
Moovit helps you find the fastest and most convenient route and the most convenient departure time. You no longer need to use the bus application to find the bus schedule, and the train application to find the schedule of the trains. In Moovit you will find all the transport information you need! That is why the Moovit application was included in the list of the best transport applications according to the Google Play and Apple Store.