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How to learn to read sheet music for piano


They say that music is a bridge between heaven and earth. Indeed, music can affect the minds of even the most indifferent people on the planet. And researchers are trying to understand what exactly is the secret of harmony and music. However, in this article you will learn about the rules for reading notes.

All notes are determined by their pitch and playing time (duration).

Note duration

A whole note (unit of time).
Half of the whole (half the duration of a whole note).
A quarter (a quarter of the duration).
The eighth.

It is not so important what is the duration of a whole note, it is important to observe the indicated relations of the playing time, that is, the recordings were played the same amount of time.

Note Height shows its location on the musical scale, that is, the higher the note, the higher it is. Notes must be read from top to bottom, from left to right. Notes that stand on each other play simultaneously.

In order to play the whole piece, you must compare each note on the musical scale (notary) with the note played on the piano. At the beginning of each line you can see the treble clef, it means that each note in the line has the following correspondence with the sound row of the piano.

Octave - the scale, which is divided into equal parts, the octave begins with C and ends with C, the next C after C again, but it is attributed to the next octave.

Tact It is a segment in the composition between two bars that are located in front of the strong beats of music.

Strong share represents a climax in tact. It is distinguished by the fact that the note is played more loudly, the most important thing is that the musician emphasizes it, and the listener unknowingly understands where the passage ended. You have noticed at least once after yourself that when you listen to music, you involuntarily nod your head to the beat of the music or tap your hand on the table. Each beat or nod is a measure of the beat.

Here is an image of the duration of the notes, try to remember it

If there were no factors that would influence the creation of music, then people would live in a world where a strong share always played the same way, in a world where there would be no dance music, and rhythm would be generally very impoverished.

The numbers written after the key indicate measure size, namely, in what position and how often you will hear a strong share.

The lower digit means the duration of the beats, and the upper - how many are in their measure.

4/4 - the most common size, it is called the reference. These numbers indicate that there are four beats in a measure and they are fourth in duration.

But there are other sizes, and they are rather non-standard.

The party does not always fill up so completely, sometimes empty places appear, more precisely pauses. They are designated with special signs. Also, if a thick dot is located next to the note, this means that its duration has been extended by half.

We begin to learn musical notation

Following the step-by-step instructions below, by the end of the article, you can play your first tune.

Step 1: Learn basic notation symbols.
Music consists of a variety of symbols and in order to learn how to read music, first of all, you need to get acquainted with the main components, namely:
- The note mill consists of five lines and four spaces, each with its own serial number (counting is from bottom to top). They consistently have notes, for example, “salt” in 2 lines, “la” in 2 spaces.

- Treble clef located on the left side of the stave and is indicated by a decorative beautiful squiggle. This is a high register of music with notes of mi-sol-si-re-fa on the lines and fa-la-do-mi in between.

And here is what the treble clef and notes look like (look at how and where they are located and learn what they are called in this way: note naming-position):

- Bass clef - This is a lower case with the name taken from the Gothic letter "F" plus two dots on the 3rd and 4th intervals. It also resides like a violin on the left side, but other notes are registered (on the lines of sol-si-re-fa-la, in between la-do-mi-sol).

- Each note has a black (shaded) or white (empty inside) head, which, in essence, shows which key should be pressed and can be located outside the lines (above / below). A calm line follows - a thin line extending up (to the right) or down (to the left).

Direction does not affect the duration, but only serves as a convenience for writing. As a rule, all notes above the "s" are written with the calmness lowered, for those below it it is raised. Some contain a flag, it always stands on the right and its purpose is to tell you how long to hold the key. There may be several, the more, the shorter the duration.

Step 2: understand the rhythm
The combination of all three elements discussed in the previous chapter, or one of them, indicates the duration, expressed in rhythm or meter. So, an empty circle or the letter "o" is whole note with the score 1 and 2 and 3 and 4, add calm to it, and it turns out half note- 1st and 2nd. We paint over the head, and it is already called quarter note, the score is reduced to 1. Next, adding a flag, it turns out eighth note, two - sixteenth note, 3 - 32. Moreover, the farther, the note sounds in time less and less.

On the stave, the meter is represented as a fraction to the left, where the upper number shows how many beats in a measure, and the duration of each shows the lower.

And to make it easier to understand, let's give an example, you listen to popular music (most of them have a 4/4 time signature) and your leg moves involuntarily, counting 1-2-3-4, and if you turn on the waltz, you will notice an even rhythm 1 -2-3, the measure size in this case will change by 3/4.

To fully understand the rhythm, you need to determine the concept pace in musicin other words, the number of beats per minute. Usually it is written at the very beginning of the stave and says at what speed to play, quickly or slowly. For example, 60 BPM means that you need to play 60 notes per minute or one per second, a tempo of 120 doubles the speed by two per second. In addition, Italian words such as Largo (slow), Allegro (fun, agile) Presto (quickly) and others - they indicate the general pace of the entire work. At the initial stage, the metronome will help keep the right pace.

Step 3: playing a melody
Congratulations, you're almost ready to read! But first you need to learn the C major scale. It is considered the main one and everyone else comes from it. It consists of eight consecutive notes located on the white keys that form the tone-tone-halftone-tone-tone-tone-halftone.

Alteration Signs

Black key next to white is also a semitone, but its meaning may be different. If the sound rises, then it will be a sharp, and when lowered, it will be a flat. On the stave, they are the signs of alteration are indicated by the symbols (#) and (flat - in the form of half-heart with a stick), there is also a baker - which cancels the increase of the note by half or its decrease:

There are a large number of different nuances, subtleties and difficulties that you will have to face, but constantly engaged in, soon all the difficulties will seem nonsense. Start by playing simple scales and be sure to speak or sing the written note. Buy a music collection with your favorite songs and read while listening to music. Do not forget about solfeggio, it develops hearing and helps to hear sounds. In addition, it will be useful to memorize the entire list of key characters. Now on the Internet you can find a huge number of musical scores with recordings of performance, where you can listen and read music at the same time.

Another interesting thing:

If you still don’t fully understand, then there’s still a professional opinion - how to choose the right digital piano

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