Halloween is not just the favorite season of little ghosts and goblins that take to the streets, asking for sweets and scaring each other. This is the boundary line between autumn and winter, life and death, a time of fear and superstition.
Introducing you 5 weird halloween traditions.
Although it is not customary to give gifts on this holiday, many exchange goodies prepared with their own hands or bought specially for this occasion in candy stores. Everyone prefers different sweets, but there are also traditional ones that came with a holiday from Britain and Ireland:
- Sweet bread barmbek. He's an Irish tea muffin or bread. It is prepared from barley flour with the addition of raisins, dried apricots or other dried fruits. Cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg and orange zest help create a warm, autumnal flavor for this bread.
- Apples in caramel on a stick. This is a bright and fragrant dessert. For its preparation using acidic hard varieties of apples, for example, Granny Smith. Such fabulous apples are made very simply. Add sugar, citric acid to the pan and set on fire. When the sugar melts and turns into a caramel syrup, dip the apples planted on skewer sticks into it. The finished apple can be put frozen in a dish oiled or lined with parchment.
- "Soul". This is a simple shortcake with cinnamon and ginger. From raisins or dried currants, a cross is laid on it. In Britain, there is a tradition of distributing such sweets to children and the poor.
- Hardened Caramel. It has a bitter taste, prepared from solid molasses.
In America, Halloween people like to make caramel popcorn and cookies that look like corn grains. I dye the dough with yellow and orange dyes, then small triangles are cut from it.
Bright orange pumpkin is the main symbol of Halloween. Therefore, desserts from it are a traditional treat at this holiday. From pumpkin you can cook many different goodies, including:
- Pumpkin sweets. For the simplest version of sweets, you need to mix pumpkin pulp whipped in a blender with honey, lemon juice, cinnamon and vanilla. Leave the mass for 2-3 hours, and then cook until thickened. After that, you need to put everything in molds and put in the refrigerator for the night.
- Pumpkin marmalade. To make marmalade, take 450 gr. pumpkin, 40 gr. gelatin and 70 ml of liquid honey. Bake pumpkin in the oven for softening, mix pumpkin puree with honey and diluted gelatin. Put the resulting marmalade mass in a layer of 2-3 cm and put in the refrigerator until it solidifies.
- Pumpkin pastille. It is not difficult to do pastilles. To do this, take pumpkin and apples, peel them and bake to soften. Then beat the soft pumpkin and apples in a blender with sugar and spices. 450 g pumpkin need 150 gr. Sahara. Put the resulting mixture in a thin layer on a baking sheet and send to set in the oven at low temperature for 3-6 hours.
- Pumpkin pie or cake with orange cream. You can bake a cake or pie according to your favorite recipe, just add pumpkin puree to the dough. To make mashed potatoes, grate the pumpkin and squeeze the excess juice. Decorate such a pie or cake in the style of a holiday. The easiest option is to use powdered sugar and stencils to apply a drawing in the form of ghosts or spiders to the cake.
Other desserts are made from pumpkins for Halloween. For example, cupcakes. Raisins and pumpkin puree are added to the cupcake dough (the vegetable can be cooked and grated through a sieve). The finished mass is laid out in cupcake tins and baked for 20 minutes at a temperature of 180 degrees. For cream "caps" on the cakes, take 300 gr. cream cheese, 100 gr. powdered sugar, 100 gr. butter. You can add orange dye to the cream and draw a cobweb with chocolate or “dress” a witch's hat made of marzipan or mastic on a cupcake.
One of the easiest recipes for sweets is cookies. A few pieces decorated in a beautiful bag or box will be a good Halloween present. To make the present spectacular, refer to one of the following recipes:
- "Witch's Fingers." To make this cookie, you need shortcrust pastry, almonds and preserves (strawberry or raspberry). From a chilled dough, form a finger, attach almonds to its end, slightly pressing it. Form a finger joint and folds on it. Put the blanks on a baking sheet covered with parchment, at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. Bake in the oven at a temperature of 165 degrees for 15-20 minutes. After the cookies have cooled, you can smear it with red jam. It looks impressive, but is easy to do.
- "The eyes of a monster." Such cookies do not even have to bake, it is made very simple. He needs ready-made cookies with a white layer (for example, “Oreo”) and chocolate “M & Ms”. Separate the top of the cookie, on the white layer make the “iris of the eye” from the multi-colored confectionery gel and place the chocolate “M & Ms” on top.
- "Pumpkin Jack." For this cookie you need shortcrust pastry. It must be rolled out, cut out circles. Leave half of the circles even, on the others cut the face of the Pumpkin Jack. Put the pumpkin filling (mashed in sugar and flour mashed in a blender) on a flat circle and cover with a circle with a cut out face on top. Bake at 180 degrees for 7-10 minutes.
If you have at least insignificant artistic skills, you can easily apply some scary pattern to gingerbread cookies using multi-colored glaze or mastic. Images of ghosts, bats, a skull with bones, brooms and hats of a witch, a spider on a web and various monsters will look very good.
For Halloween, other desserts are also suitable as a gift:
- Monster Goal Keypops,
- cast from meringues or marshmallows,
- jelly worms in the “ground” of chocolate chip cookies,
- monsters and eyes made of jelly.
Even strawberries, which are dipped in white chocolate with dots placed on it in dark chocolate instead of eyes and mouth, will look like a ghost. A box of such delicious ghosts will undoubtedly please both the adult and the child.
Remember that when you give something, including sweets, the packaging should also look spectacular. Especially if it happens on Halloween. There are a lot of possibilities for decorating packaging for this holiday. Even regular round candies and popcorn, if filled with a plastic new glove, will look spectacular and will suit as a small Halloween present.
5. Poisoned Candy
The fear is that someone will put poison or razor blades into the treats that children collect on the eve of All Saints Day, “hailing” from a newspaper column. She was led by American journalist Abigail Van Buren in 1983. She reminded readers of the dangers of Halloween, when all sorts of sick people on the head try to harm neighboring children with the help of poisoned sweets.
When her sister, Anne Landers, repeated the statement 12 years later, the myth was firmly rooted in the minds of U.S. citizens. In Halloween, children began to eat sweets under the supervision of adults.
The first confirmed candy-related violence story for Halloween occurred in 2000. James Joseph distributed chocolates to the children into which he inserted needles.
4. Cabbage for fortune telling
The last days of October and the first days of November are the time of spirits, the dead, and all supernatural. No wonder Halloween was considered a great time for magic.
In the writings of Robert Burns (18th century), a strange rite of fortune-telling on Halloween was described. Instead of going to beg for sweets, single people of marriageable age should blindfolded pull cabbage.
Those who are connoisseurs in the cabbage,
Who is not looking for the first time,
Closing eyes, tearing roots
Big and straight.
The root gave information about the future spouse: short or tall, straight or crooked, healthy or wilted. A cabbage tasting hinted about whether sweet or bitter would be a family life with a chosen one. Even the amount of dirt on the spine mattered. A lot of dirt is good, as it meant getting a big dowry.
3. Fruits instead of sweets
The cute Halloween tradition of giving children sweets appeared only in the middle of the 20th century. Initially, small ghosts, witches and vampires were bought with fruits, nuts, rolls, cakes, and small toys. The candy industry began to displace competitors from the Halloween market since the 1960s. Currently, Americans spend more than $ 20 million annually on Halloween sweets.
2. The sinister pumpkin
The strange custom of making a pumpkin with luminous eyes for Halloween and the term “jack-o-lantern” or “Jack's lamp” itself came about thanks to an 18th-century Irish folk tale about a guy named Jack. He tricked the Devil himself: first he drank with him in a tavern, and then asked to turn around a coin to pay off. When the Unclean fulfilled the request, the cunning Irishman put the coin in his pocket, where the silver cross was. For his release, the lord of the underworld promised not to lay claim to Jack’s soul and not to plot him a year.
Subsequently, the Irish breeze once again deceived Satan, asking him to climb the apple tree for the fruits, and then quickly scratching the cross on the tree. When Jack died, his soul was not allowed into Heaven for meanness. But the vindictive Devil did not allow him to bask at the fires of Hell. Thus, Jack was forced to roam the world endlessly. In the end, the Devil took pity on him and gave a piece of coal to illuminate the road. And the wanderer put coal inside the hollowed pumpkin. It was believed that a fruit with burning "eyes" left on Halloween near the house would not allow evil spirits to harm its residents.
1. All Saints Day
The first place in the top 5 strange stories about the ancient traditions of Halloween went to the holiday, which was created by Pope Boniface IV in the 7th century AD. e. There were so many saints at this time that there were not enough days in the year to “accommodate” them. I had to create a special day for honoring the righteous without their own day, as well as miracle workers, whom the church did not officially recognize. Initially, the Day of All Saints (or rather the Mass of All Saints, All hallow ees) was celebrated on May 13, but in 835 Pope Gregory IV “moved” it to November 1. Perhaps in this way the Catholic Church tried to distract Christians from the celebration of Samhain.