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Bengal cat: description of the breed, maintenance and care


The idea of ​​crossing a leopard cat and a domestic one was so successful that it gained popularity around the world. Few can remain indifferent to representatives of this breed, which is not surprising. Bengals have natural grace and charm that can win the heart at first sight. How to distinguish a Bengal cat from an ordinary one? We will help you sort out such a difficult question!

Fake popular brand

Any fashionable trend eventually becomes counterfeit, aimed at receiving cash. But in the case of kittens, we are dealing with a living creature, and this is simply unacceptable. You should be aware of certain points that can help you when choosing a purebred Bengal cat:

  • Certificate availability,
  • Correct color
  • Similar to other litter kittens,
  • Fairly high price.

When choosing a thoroughbred Bengal kitten, you should pay attention to the place of purchase. Elite nurseries are worried about their reputation, therefore, the risk of buying a fake is reduced to a minimum. Also, when buying a Bengal cat in a proven place, you will be given a certificate confirming the presence of the pedigree of the animal and its origin.

Of great importance is the correct color. This is exactly why the breed has gained its wild popularity. It is not difficult to distinguish a purebred kitten - its color will be bright and clear, the spots should look fairly symmetrical, and those located along the vertical should be well defined.

Check a hundred times, buy once

The price of a Bengal cat cannot be low. This is an axiom that allows you to beware when you are offered to buy a kitten at a lower price. There are two options - either this is a fake, or the kitten is sick. Pass by similar announcements and do not pay attention to them.

In the litter, several kittens are obtained, and breeders usually suggest choosing one of them. You should be wary if you are offered a specific animal, praising its beauty and character. There may be a situation of fraud on the part of unscrupulous sellers, which may lead to your acquisition of counterfeit goods.

Basically, the breed is important for people who dream of receiving awards and medals at various exhibitions. The organizers and judges of such events quickly and easily distinguish a purebred Bengal cat from a purebred. It will be very unpleasant to get into a similar situation. Be careful, choose wisely, and then your kitten will turn into a beautiful stately cat worthy of all the rewards.

Bengal breed history

Bengal cat is a hybrid of a wild Asian leopard cat with a domestic one. In the middle of the last century, leopard cats were almost completely destroyed by poachers. American Gene Mill bought in 1961 a girl - a kitten of a wild animal and began breeding experiments on crossbreeding with ordinary domestic cats in the hope of preserving the breed of Asian leopards from extinction. The first results were not entirely successful, kittens appeared, although similar to their wild ancestors, but were aggressive, some died or were unable to reproduce. Mill continued her work, which lasted for 20 years, resulting in the appearance of the most beautiful breed of Bengal cat, which preserved the wild color of her ancestors and the affectionateness and habits of domestic cats.

The breed was officially registered only in 1991. By that time, the best qualities of many exotic, shorthair breeds, Persian, Egyptian Mau and Burmese cats were mixed into it. In 1997, the breed first appeared in Russia, but distribution began only in 2005. Today in our country a large number of nurseries of this breed, the cost of thoroughbred kittens is from 35 thousand rubles., Premium specimens are already worth 100 thousand rubles. (inf. 2017)

Description of bengal cats

Bengal cats are not too large, cats weigh up to 8 kg, the weight of cats barely reaches 6 kg. But at the same time they have the endurance, grace and dexterity of their ancestors, the character of a completely domestic favorite, retaining only a small and best part of the features of wild ancestors.

The body is slightly elongated, has a strong skeleton and well-developed muscles. Paws are powerful, but proportional, the front ones are shorter than the rear ones, as in wild ancestors. Paw pads necessarily black. The tail is of medium length, with a black tip of a rounded shape.

The head of the bengals is small and has a slightly wedge-shaped shape, slightly elongated in length. The neck is muscular, not very long. The ears are small, proportional, triangular in shape with rounded tips.

The muzzle is expressive, with clearly defined high cheekbones. The eyes are almond-shaped or oval, widely spaced. Eye color is diverse, except for blue, which is acceptable only for snow bengals with color point color.

The coat is short, silky, soft and smooth. The undercoat is dense. Bengal cats are not prone to strong molting. A feature of the breed is the so-called glitter - shine of wool, especially noticeable in bright light.

Colors can be different, breed standards allow several basic ones, the most common of them are Leopard (Brown Tabby), silver, snow (Snow Bengal), coal.

The pattern of Bengal cats is acceptable in the form of spots, sockets and stripes. Each spot or rosette should be clearly delineated. The presence of spots in the tail area is encouraged, spots on the abdomen are mandatory. Characteristic and obligatory dark tip of tail.

Bengal cat character

Bengals are very curious, it is important for them to know everything that is happening around, in addition, it is also desirable to take part in this. They are incredibly active and mobile, like to play with the owner and all family members, as well as with other pets, get along well and even make friends with dogs.

They love height, and naturally possessing high dexterity and jumping ability, they will definitely explore all the shelves, lockers and other interesting places at altitude. To satisfy their need for climbing, it is better to purchase a high game complex with shelves, ladders and posts. The house itself and the resting place are also better located at a height, so the cat will feel more comfortable and calmer.

From their wild ancestors, Bengal cats also inherited an amazing love for water, especially pouring. Not all, but many Bengals love to play with a trickle of water for a long time, swim and splash in a basin. They also love to watch fish in the aquarium.

Bengal cats and cats are one of the most “talkative" cat breeds. And this is not a standard classic meow. Their intonations range from a quiet, sometimes whispering “meow” to an angry growl and almost the sound of a siren. These cats definitely need to “blather” something when you come up, when you pick them up, when the cat itself passes by you. But she will never tire you with her meow, do not worry.

Bengals are famous for their intelligence and belong to one of the most intelligent cat breeds. They perfectly understand the speech and intonations of a person, easily remember the habits of the owner, right down to the mode of the day, accurate to the minute. Not amenable to training and training. They can easily be trained to even bring a candy wrapper or a toy, like a dog, to accustom to a harness and a leash. They remember their name almost the first time, quickly accustom to the tray and scratching post.

Despite their “feline” independence, Bengal cats are very attached to the owner and know how to subtly feel his mood. They clearly catch when it is necessary to approach and touch the owner, calming and uplifting, and when it is not necessary to approach and it is better to wait out the “storm”. Separation from the owner is extremely difficult, they can begin to harm the harm out of harm. If you often do not stay at home for a long time, a Bengal cat will not suit you. The worst punishment for a Bengal is ignoring by the owner and lack of communication.

my beautiful eve

Maintenance and care

In terms of care, bengals are not very demanding. Having a beautiful, but short and soft coat, they need to be combed weekly, and even more so to brush off the dust and massage the skin of the animal. The cat will take up the main job of caring for the fur. Although their molting is not so plentiful, it is still necessary to help the pet and increase the frequency of combing. Bengal cats are very clean and do not need frequent bathing, although many of their representatives will not refuse to splash in the basin once again.

As you grow back, you need to cut the claws. For a better natural grinding, it’s good to have a good vertical claw. Every week you should carefully clean the ears, check them for inflammation or infections.

It is better to accustom all kitten care procedures from an early age, otherwise an adult cat cannot always allow you to do this.

In the warm season, it is useful to walk and play with the cat outdoors, satisfying its need for activity. Do not forget about the harness with a leash, as those who love high bengals love to climb trees. It is better to choose an open lawn. Bengal cats are easily accustomed to leash, if you start doing this at an early age. They have a small head that can easily slip through the collar, so it’s more convenient and safer to use a harness.

Feeding bengal

Bengal cats have pretty sensitive digestive systemmay be prone to food allergies and intestinal inflammation. Therefore, the selection of the diet and the choice of feed should be approached carefully, one should not experiment much and often change the feed.

Dry and wet artificial feed should choose good, and preferably premium brands. Cheap food Bengal is categorically contraindicated.

Adult cats should be fed twice a day. Although, with their mobility and activity, Bengal cats are not very prone to obesity, moreover, they do not like to eat all the food at once, and will be suitable throughout the day, satisfying their appetite. There should always be fresh drinking water.

Some breeders feed bengals with natural food, but this takes a lot of time, and it’s not easy to choose and properly balance the diet. Even in nurseries, they are usually fed with premium artificial feed of well-known brands. There are even special feeds for Bengal and other oriental breeds, specially selected and balanced.

But in no case should you feed cats from the table, especially sharp, smoked, sweet and other similar products. This will be bad for any animal, and especially for a representative of a still young Bengal breed.

Health and Disease

Bengal cats have pretty good health, inherited from their wild ancestors. Main their weakness is digestion: various intestinal disorders and a weak stomach.

Recently, information has appeared about two new characteristic diseases of bengals. it flat chest syndrome in kittens as well hypertrophic cardiomyopathyleading to heart failure, thromboembolism and even death of the animal.

Distal neuropathy - A disorder of the nervous system that causes weakness, manifested in adult animals. In most cases, such an ailment resolves by itself.

Hip Dysplasialeading to lameness, pain and discomfort for the animal.

From vision problems can be distinguished progressive retinal atrophy and degenerative eye diseasesoccurring with the age of the animal.

With all this, Bengal cats belong to centenarians and live on average about 15 years, and can live up to 20.

How to choose and purchase a Bengal kitten

A Bengal kitten is usually acquired during the phasing period (approximately 3 months). At this time, the childish pattern fades and changes to an adult. Finally, the pattern and color is formed by 8-10 months of age. This phasing period is characteristic of all wild cats and was inherited by Bengals. It is impossible to take a Bengal kitten before 2.5 months.

You should carefully examine the baby himself, he must be active, curious. Look at the picture. Be sure to look at mom, her color and pattern, as you will immediately see what to expect from the baby in the future. Mother's drawing should be clearly delineated, a blurry color can be inherited.

In connection with the rapidly growing popularity of the Bengal breed, a lot of dubious breeders appeared offering “purebred” kittens for relatively little money. It is better to purchase a Bengal from well-known breeders and nurseries, carefully and carefully checking all the documents for the animal. The average cost of a kitten in nurseries is 35-50 thousand rubles, show class kittens can cost 100-150 thousand rubles. Even if you do not plan to attend exhibitions and breeding, buying from unverified sellers, you run the risk of acquiring an animal with hidden health defects.

  • Bengals almost never meow, communicating with each other, use this only when communicating with a person.
  • A Bengal cat can make up to 100 sounds of varying volume and intonation.
  • The purr of a bengal speaks of his love for his master. Why and how cats purr and rumble at all read here.
  • Bengal cats are very sociable, become attached to the owner, and often follow him like a dog throughout the house, from room to room.
  • Bengal cats belong to centenarians, the average lifespan of these animals is 15 years.
  • Bengals love the height, like their ancestors - leopards and jaguars. They will rest and sleep only on an elevation.
  • Bengal cats are famous for their ability to open closed doors, deftly jumping on the handle and turning it. They also like to open drawers of cabinets and chests of drawers to check what's there)
  • Bengal cats surprisingly adore splashing in the water. This they also inherited from their wild ancestors.
  • Bengal cats fight in complete silence, they prepare for a long time and look for the enemy’s weaknesses before attacking.

Good luck to everyone and have a nice day!