The direct knot is the knot most known to mankind and the most popular in the world. It is used to bind two ropes (ropes), usually of equal diameter and one material. Also, it is the oldest known site.
Archaeologists have found evidence that the direct knot was known in Ancient Egypt during the era of the Ancient Kingdom (2900 BC). In ancient Greece, this knot was called Nodus Hercules or "Hercules Knot". It was believed that the mythical hero Hercules with such a knot tied the skin of the defeated Nemean left on his torso. The knot itself represented (you can’t imagine easier) two half-nodes of different ropes connected in opposite directions to each other. The direct knot became the basis for the formation of new tourist types of knots for the bundle of two ropes.
Direct Node Application
You can talk about the use of a direct node for a very long time. Such a node is used wherever possible. With it, ropes, ropes, cables, cables (not electrically conductive), fishing lines, threads and so on are fastened together. From the very earliest times, the direct node has been used on ships, in cable bridges, in everyday life, in production, mountaineering and tourism. Very often, a direct knot is used to lengthen the rope (tying two short parts) or during breaks. This node is perfect, it always rescued humanity, and was used wherever possible.
Straight knot tying
a) the usual method of knitting, b) the marine method of knitting, c) the weaving method of knitting, d) the marine method of untying
There are various ways to tie a straight knot. The most common is the classic way:
- Take the running ends of two different ropes,
- At one end we braid once the end of the other rope,
- Take the running end of the other rope and make an open loop,
- At the other end, we stretch the rope through the loop hole, braiding the first end between the first binding and the end of the rope,
- Tighten the knot at both ends,
- Direct node connected!
A rapidly expanding modification of this site is the reef site.
The main characteristics of the direct node
The most common straight knot is easy to knit, but at the same time it allows you to reliably connect two ropes of the same diameter to each other. Despite the fact that this type of connection was invented several thousand years ago by our ancestors, it has not lost its relevance in the modern world (Figure 1).
Figure 1. The appearance of the compounds and methods of knitting
This is due to the reliability of the design, the simplicity of its knitting and the wide scope of the finished compound. But before you learn how to knit a straight knot, you should pay attention to the history of its occurrence, as well as the pros and cons of the design.
History of occurrence
Modern archaeologists have found that the ancient Egyptians learned to knit a straight knot for the first time, since similar finds were found in the tombs of the pharaohs. But it is possible that this method of connecting ropes was used in other civilizations.
It is interesting that a simple direct and double knot was widely used in ancient Rome. With it, wounds were sutured, and this type of compound was also used to treat bone fractures.
But much more often, a direct one, like a brahmskot knot, was used in marine affairs. During a storm, sailors needed to quickly reduce the sail area so that the ship could withstand strong gusts of wind. Weavers used a similar type of compound. At the same time, it is interesting that both weavers and sailors had their own options for a direct knot. In the latter case, the ropes were tied so that they could not untie when wet, since the usual structure easily dissolves in just a few seconds.
Despite the existence of a huge number of modifications, the most common direct type of rope connection is considered one of the most popular tourist sites.
Pros and cons of the site
A direct node is considered the ancestor of all modern tourist, climbing and fishing nodes (Figure 2).
This is due to its many advantages:
- It allows you to reliably interconnect ropes of the same diameter.
- The knitting scheme is amazingly simple, so even beginners can cope with it.
- Subject to the rules of use, the design is not untied and can withstand a certain load.
If there are advantages, the direct node has certain disadvantages. You may not be aware of this, but this type of connection is used when tying shoelaces. In practice, this allows us to notice how imperfect it is. The ropes begin to slip, they can untie, or vice versa, drag on so much that they cannot be untied and you just have to cut it.
Figure 2. In the marine business, not the usual direct model (on the left) is used, but a special reef type of rope connection (on the right)
These shortcomings explain why mountaineering, rescue, weaving and rigging do not use a traditional combination, but their own variations of the compound. For example, one of the most reliable climbing nodes, the conductor was created on the basis of a direct node. The fact is that the usual design is not suitable for insurance, since it can be untied at any time. That is why either variations of the compound are used, or they fasten the finished direct knot to the control ones. In marine business, a variation of the direct knot is also used - the reef knot, which allows you to quickly reduce the area of the sails, but the structure itself does not untie when the rope gets wet.
It is extremely difficult to briefly talk about the scope and purpose of the direct node, because it is used not only in specialized crafts, but also in everyday life (Figure 3).
Figure 3. The pattern of knitting depends on the scope of application: a - ordinary, b - marine, c - weaving, d - marine way to untie
Since ancient times, it has been used to knit together ropes, cables, ropes and woods in the marine industry, in production and in everyday life. Quite often it is also used to lengthen the rope, especially if there is a need to connect it at the point of rupture. Without hesitation, we often use such a knot in everyday life: for tying shoelaces, weaving baubles or knitting macramé.
If you doubt whether you are tying a straight knot correctly, we will provide a detailed diagram of its knitting.
Straight knot tying technology
The knitting pattern looks extremely simple. If you have already been interested in how to tie a strong marine knot, you probably noticed that this requires certain skills and efforts. The direct type of connection, on the other hand, is surprisingly simple, but the tied ropes will not open up only if the connection is used correctly.
So that you can use this type of node in everyday life, we will give the basic requirements for this type of connection and step-by-step instructions for its implementation.
A key requirement for direct weaving is to use only cables or ropes of the same diameter to make it. Otherwise, the connection will easily loosen.
The scope of use of the ropes connected in this way should also be taken into account. Despite the simplicity and versatility of the direct node, it is not customary to use it in rescue operations or mountain climbing in a traditional design. The fact is that with large or variable loads, weaving opens up, and human life can depend on this. Therefore, for these purposes, it is better to use other, more reliable compounds designed specifically for such purposes.
There are quite a lot of knitting patterns for a simple knot, and they differ mainly in their scope. For example, the clew knot does not allow the wet ropes to untie when the sails are corrugated, and the weaving type has a high decorative effect. Separately, there are modifications for knitting a rope on a support. This type of connection also differs from the classical one (Figure 4).
Learning to knit a straight knot is easiest according to the traditional pattern:
- We find the running ends of two ropes of the same diameter and with the same material.
- At one end of the rope we braid the tip of the other once.
- At the running end of the second rope we make a small loop.
- The first end through the formed loop we stretch the cable. The result should be a braid of the first end of the rope between the first binding and the end of the rope.
After that, it is enough to tighten the connection by pulling both ends of the two ropes, and the knot can be considered ready. However, if you want to strengthen the structure, it is advisable to tie some more control knots.
Possible difficulties and errors
Despite the fact that this type of connection is often used in tourism, it cannot be used in conditions where a heavy load on the ropes is assumed. If the cable is heavily loaded by pulling at one end of the rope, you can easily untie the knot. For such purposes, more reliable modifications are suitable: a rod or marine unit (Figure 5).
Figure 5. Non-compliance with knitting technology can weaken the rope connection.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that the strength of the connection is based on the friction of the two ends of the rope. Accordingly, for knitting, it is better not to use slippery nylon cables, as they will quickly untie.
A detailed diagram of the binding of a straight knot is shown in the video.
Functional classification of existing nodes
The compounds under consideration began to be performed on fundamentally new materials (in terms of their properties), in connection with which previously unknown modifications of the nodes arose. This led to the identification of their functional variety:
- Splicing 2 or more flexible materials in different variations.
- The fixture of the carrier unit (the rope connects 2 or more objects to each other, 1 of which can act as a rope support).
- The carrier stopper of the assembly in various kinds of holes, including those related to the structures of the considered compounds.
Variety of nodes
It is customary to distinguish the following interpretations:
- control (locking, complementing the load bearing node),
- safety belts, including self-insurance.
Specificity of terminology regarding the concept under consideration
It is connected directly with the nodes, as well as various kinds of flexible materials that are used for the process of knitting. For convenience, the terms and their designations are presented in table form.
Special rope (base - synthetic, plant materials)
The end of the cable, which begins to move during the knitting of the knot (in another way - free)
The loop of the cable (closed), which is made in such a way that it itself crosses itself
Making a rope around an object (another cable)
The end of the cable, which is not fixed (not applicable when knitting)
The curved end of the cable (crossing with itself does not occur)
Overlap (single) 2 ends of 1 cable (different cables)
The cable completely wraps the item (another cable)
Requirements for knitting knots
For the proper implementation of this procedure, of course, some practice is required. It is she who dictates a number of requirements for knitting knots, namely:
- Easy to remember tying.
- Inadmissibility of spontaneous unleashing neither under load nor without it.
- Lack of sprawl under the influence of variable loads.
- Without need, the lack of knitting is “tight”.
- Conformity with purpose.
Another unspoken rule - if there is doubt about the correctness of knitting, it is more advisable to refuse it.
Strength of the rope: conditions and nodes that weaken it
It is important to note the fact that the compounds in question can significantly affect the state of the rope. For example, such a knot as the G8 reduces its strength by a quarter, and the “bow” - by almost a third, weaving - by more than a third. The remaining nodes weaken the strength of the rope in almost identical limits. In addition, it is worth mentioning that the sea rope becomes less durable in these situations by 10%. And if the operation is carried out in a 30-degree frost, then for all 30%.
Dirty, sun-dried, old ropes or kapron ropes with a broken outer sheath reduce their strength by half. In this regard, their use for safety purposes is simply unacceptable.
Particular attention in this article will be given to the direct method of knitting.
Knitting technique of the considered connection option
After a short excursion in theory, you can proceed to practice, namely, how to tie a straight knot.
Firstly, using the 1st rope, you need to make a loop, and the 2nd - the required speed. As mentioned earlier, control nodes must be present at the running ends, so you will need to leave 15-20 cm. In a situation where 1 end is on top and the other is on the bottom, or vice versa, the straight knot is tied up incorrectly. It is of fundamental importance that the running ends extend either exclusively from above or only from below. Visually, the knot resembles 2 loops that hold each other.
How to knit a straight knot in the first stage, it has already become clear, so it’s worth going to the second stage. So, 2 ropes must be stacked on top of each other. Next, you need to tie 2 simple knots in opposite directions. When they are tied in one direction, you get a connection called the “woman’s knot”. At the final stage, already known control nodes are tied.
Direct maritime knot: advantages, disadvantages, nuances
The main plus is a simple knitting process. There are two negative points here:
- creep in the presence of variable loads,
- strong fixation under significant loads.
Be sure to consider the following nuances:
- A direct marine knot is used to tie such ropes that have the same diameter.
- A prerequisite is the presence of control nodes.
- This technique can be used to knit fishing lines.
History of the technique in question
According to archaeological finds, the Egyptians used this method another 5 thousand years BC. e. The ancient Romans and Greeks referred to it as the Hercules (Heracles) knot. This was justified by the fact that the mythical hero named Hercules tied the front limbs of the skins of the lion he defeated with a direct knot on his chest. The Romans used it to stitch the wounds received, in the treatment of fractures.
Previously described how to tie a straight knot. It can be compared with two half nodes that are sequentially tied one above the other in opposite directions. This is considered the easiest way to make a straight knot.
Sailors who use this node to bind mainly cables used a different knitting technique. The weavers, in turn, tied it in a special, convenient way exclusively for them.
For modern sailors, the idea of taking a reef in a direct knot will seem rather absurd. However, it was they who, in the era of the sailing fleet, always took reefs to ships with direct armament: by means of 2 reef seasons, the cloth of the direct parsa (its upper part) was tied to the reef leeer.
The ancient Romans referred to it as the “female knot” in view of the fact that it was the direct knot that the young Romans tied sash tunics during the first wedding night. The young husband, according to legend, had to quickly untie him. The faster he does this, the more likely the bride will escape infertility. Now it becomes clear why it was previously considered important to have knowledge not only of how to tie a straight knot, but also how to quickly untie it.
Reef Double Knot
As mentioned earlier, in ancient times, the use of a direct knot by sailors was reduced to taking reefs. For this reason, its second name is the reef knot. As for the double direct knot, it is also called the fallow knot. The sailors practically did not use it: for the temporary connection of the pins, at the other ends they used a reef knot.
According to Dahl, a direct double knot is also called a "loop knot", "burdock (bow)". You can often hear how it is called a byte node. The technique of knitting it is the same as that of the direct knot, except for the first moment, when the running ends are doubled in the 2nd half node and only then knotted. It is indispensable for lacing shoes, tying bows in the neck, bows on the hair, boxes, bundles.
Thus, before you master the technique of knitting a double reef knot, it is worth practicing how to make a straight knot.
How to tie a tie with a straight knot?
It is suitable for standard collars. This method in the framework of this sphere was invented at the end of the 19th century in England.
A step-by-step instruction on how to tie a straight knot on a tie has the following form:
- First you need to take the wide end of any tie and put it under a narrow one, making sure that the latter is much shorter.
- Next, you need to skip the wide end under the narrow one in the right direction.
- Затем лицевой стороной широкого конца следует провести влево.
- Потом необходимо пропустить этот конец между галстуком и воротником рубашки, медленно вытягивая вверх.
- Далее, придерживая узел, потребуется пропустить широкий конец сквозь лицевой узел.
- It remains only to stretch the knot, while smoothly moving it to the collar and at the same time pulling down the narrow end of the tie.
Through the above instructions, you can learn how to knit a straight knot on a tie. This knowledge will be useful in everyday life for both men and women.
This is the English name for knitting a straight knot in the process of weaving baubles. It is formed by a combination of two left looped nodules. It is worth mentioning first the basic concepts in weaving baubles, namely:
- working thread - all knots are knitted with it,
- nodular - knots are tied on it.
In the process of weaving, they can change (the working thread is transformed into a nodular and vice versa). It is customary to distinguish 2 types of looped (simple) nodes, namely:
- left loop (the working thread fixes the nodules on the left side of the nodular),
- right loop (working thread is located on the right).
In the diagram, the considered node is indicated by an arrow (which points diagonally to the left and down) in the direction of a smooth transition of the working thread. The color of the knot should match the color of the guide (working) thread.