Fast and skillful use of the mouse greatly facilitates the work with the graphical interface of Windows. After loading the operating system, an inclined white arrow appears in the center of the desktop, referred to as the cursor or mouse cursor. Hovering over any object on the desktop is done by moving the mouse over a special surface - a mouse pad.
The classic mouse is equipped with two function buttons: left and right. Between them is a scroll wheel, the main purpose of which is to scroll the document vertically. By holding down the left mouse button and scrolling the wheel, you can change the scale of the document in the direction of increase or decrease.
The left mouse button is the most used, so it’s customary to say: click with the mouse or click with the mouse, which means clicking on the left button. Historically, clicking on a computer mouse button is called a “click”: double-click, click, click on a link, etc.
When the mouse cursor is over the object and the button is pressed, an action is performed that can be applied to this object.
Basic techniques for working with the mouse.
Consider the basic techniques for working with the mouse.
- Single Left Click. Selects the selected object on which the mouse cursor is located.
- Double click left button. Launches programs, opens folders or files. When working with text documents, double-click selects words and paragraphs. If you double-click on a word, it will highlight. An entire paragraph is selected by double-clicking to the left of the paragraph.
- Triple left click. Reception used when working with text documents. A triple click inside a paragraph selects the entire paragraph. A triple click to the left of the document will select the entire document.
- Single click right button calls the context menu with a choice of possible actions to the object.
- Drag and drop. Reception for the movement of one or more objects, and in the case of working with text documents, moving fragments of text. Reception consists in holding the left mouse button while moving the cursor over an object and moving this object to the desired location.
- Mouse selection. This technique serves to highlight several objects or a section of text. Selection is made by placing the cursor in any corner of the place where the necessary objects or a fragment of the test are located, holding the left mouse button and moving the cursor in the opposite direction diagonally. Those. if you set the cursor to highlight in the lower left corner of the text or group of objects, then you need to drag it to the upper right corner. Selected objects or a fragment of text will be highlighted. To remove the selection, you need to click the mouse anywhere on the monitor screen.
- Scrolling a document with the mouse wheel - scrolling. Allows you to scroll a document in a vertical plane directly with the scroll wheel or by moving the mouse. In the case of moving with the mouse, you need to click on the wheel, the cursor will look like a bidirectional arrow, and moving the mouse up or down will shift the text in the same direction. Pressing the scroll wheel again will turn off this mode.
At first, your work with the mouse will be insecure and slow, but in a very short time you will be surprised to find that when working with a computer, the mouse has become almost a continuation of your hand and most likely you will no longer imagine how you can control the computer without it integral attribute of PC.
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Basis of the problem
If you have a laptop, then the problem can be partially solved by switching to using the touchpad that has it. But classic (stationary) personal computers have no a priori touchpad. You can, of course, switch between the elements of the interface using the Tab key, but this occupation, frankly, is not the most convenient and quite tiring. The most frustrating thing is that it is necessary to continue work, but there is such a problem that often leads to a stupor of an unprepared user.
How to control a computer without a mouse?
Several solutions were prepared for this case. The described methods imply both the presence on your keyboard of a digital block of keys (located on the right), and in the absence thereof (compact keyboard).
Yes, and do not forget to disconnect the broken mouse from the PC first.
Useful tips and keyboard shortcuts
1) If you need to open the menu Start and run any application from there, for this you need to press the key on the keyboard Win (sometimes indicated on the keyboard by the Windows logo) and in the menu that opens, use the arrow keys to get to the desired item or program shortcut. You can also use the search bar and enter the item or program you need - just start typing the name immediately after opening the menu Start. The search box can also be displayed by pressing a combination. Win + s on keyboard.
2) When working with input forms, use the key Tab - when it is pressed, moving between forms (points) takes place. And to confirm the action, press the key Enter.
3) If you need to close the active window, then use the key combination Alt + F4, and if you need to switch between windows, then the combination Alt + Tab.
4) The context menu is often used in the work and it is just as easy to call it from the keyboard - for this a separate key with a list icon is highlighted. It, as a rule, is located near the right Ctrl.
5) To access the menu (and its items), which is located at the top of any application or Windows Explorer, just press Alt - as a result, symbolic prompts and combinations will be displayed, when pressed, you can open any item in the current menu and perform other operations. For example, to create a new folder in Windows Explorer, just type the combination Alt + 2.
Naturally, the possible operations and displayed combinations are different and depend on the currently open or active window or application. For example, in Microsoft Word the above combination Alt + 2 execute the command to cancel the last input (full analogue of the standard combination Ctrl + Z).
Using these features, it is already easier to work with a computer without using a mouse. Next, we will talk about controlling the mouse cursor (arrow) using the keyboard.
Turn on mouse cursor control from the keyboard
Windows has a very convenient ability to control the mouse cursor in the absence of the mouse itself. This feature is enabled and configured in the system window. Accessibility Center.
To open this tool you need to open the menu Start and enter in the search bar Accessibility Center, and then press the key Enter.
After opening this window, press the key Tabuntil the highlight frame is highlighted on Mouse simplification. Press the key Enter to confirm the selection.
In the window that appears, you will also need to proceed to the item called Setting Pointer Management.
Finally, we will see a window called Customize mouse buttons. In this window, check the first item, which is responsible for enabling control of the mouse pointer from the keyboard. With the key Tab get to this point, and then use the key Space.
Now you just have to save the settings - highlight the key OK and press Enter on keyboard.
In the same window, among other things, you can fine-tune the speed of the cursor and some other parameters.
How to control the mouse cursor from the keyboard
Well, here we come to the final part of this material. Here we will talk about how to control the mouse pointer from the keyboard, of course, provided that the corresponding option is turned on, which was described in detail above.
Management is carried out from the digital block of keys (NumPad), which is available on most keyboards.
The keyboard cursor control commands are as follows:
4 - movement to the left, 8 - upward movement, 2 - downward movement 6 - movement to the right. Keys 1, 3, 7, 9 move the mouse cursor diagonally, for example, pressing 9 - carry out the movement simultaneously to the right and up.
5 - emulates single clicks with the left mouse button
+ - emulates a double click with the left mouse button
0 (key zero) - captures the desired object for its subsequent movement (drag and drop). After moving the object to the desired location, press the c key dot symbol for its release, followed by placement in a new place.
The article talked about the possibilities available to everyone in the Windows environment to control a computer without using a mouse. Undoubtedly, there are third-party solutions by which management can be carried out more efficiently. However, the described solution is suitable in the case when the mouse is broken and you need to quickly resolve the issue and continue to work.
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Left mouse button
It is considered the main, as they use it the most. What can she do:
- Run programs
- Open and close files
- Click on links
- Select a piece of text, several files or icons on the screen. To do this, press the left button in the right place, and without releasing it, lead to the end of what you want to highlight. By changing the color (it is highlighted in blue), you will see the captured area.
Clicking then with the right mouse button, we select the action that we want to perform with the selected fragment.
- Left-click can also drag objects. Say, on the desktop, you want to rearrange some icon in another place. Just click on it with the left mouse button, and without letting go, drag it to a new place. Then you can safely let go. The icon will be nailed in a new location.
Right mouse button
If you right-click on an object, a context menu will appear in which you can select any action. Say, on the same desktop, if you mouse over the icon and press the right mouse button, the following menu appears:
Why do I need a mouse wheel? With this wheel you can scroll through a document or page, adjust the sound and much more, depending on what program you are currently working in.
In principle, the functions of the buttons can be changed yourself. To do this, go to the "Control Panel" (Start -> Control Panel) Go to the section there Sound and equipmentfurther in the section Mouse: change key settings.
Advantages and disadvantages of the mouse
- Very low price (compared to other devices like touch screens)
- The mouse is suitable for long-term work. In the early years of multimedia, filmmakers liked to show computers of the “future” with a touch interface, but in fact, this input method is quite tedious, since you have to keep your hands on weight.
- High accuracy cursor positioning. With a mouse (with the exception of some “unsuccessful” models) it’s easy to get to the right pixel on the screen,
- The mouse allows many different manipulations - double and triple clicks, drag and drop, gestures, pressing one button while dragging the other, etc. Therefore, a large number of controls can be concentrated in one hand - multi-button mice allow you to control, for example, the browser without any keyboard .
- The alleged danger of carpal tunnel syndrome,
- To work, you need an even smooth surface of sufficient size (with the exception of gyroscopic mice),
- Instability to vibrations. For this reason, the mouse is practically not used in military devices. Trackball requires less space for work and does not require moving your hand, cannot be lost, has greater resistance to external influences, is more reliable.
Mouse capture methods
Players distinguish three main ways of grabbing the mouse.
- With your fingers. Fingers are flat on the buttons, the upper part of the palm rests on the "heel" of the mouse. The lower part of the palm is on the table. The advantage is precise mouse movements.
- Claw-shaped. The fingers are bent and rest on the buttons only with the tips. The heel of the mouse in the center of the palm. The advantage is the convenience of clicks.
- Palm. The whole palm rests on the mouse, the “heel” of the mouse, as in the claw-like grip, abuts against the center of the palm. The grip is more suited to the sweeping movements of shooters.
Office mice (with the exception of small laptop mice) are usually equally suitable for all types of grip. Gaming mice, as a rule, are optimized for one or another grip - therefore, when buying an expensive mouse, it is recommended to "try on" the mouse for your grip method.
What are the mice for computers
In an era when computers were huge iron boxes, and monitors exceeded the size and weight of these computers themselves, mice possessed a ball that constantly got dirty, slowed down, and in some cases, just fell out and lost.
But the ball mice were soon replaced by their optical relatives. Representatives of this new genus completely lack a metal ball. Instead, a miniature camera is used. Optical mice become lighter, more maneuverable, more convenient, more versatile and function perfectly on any surface.
But progress did not stand still and very soon laser mice appeared on the market, in which the camera was replaced by a laser and the mouse moves perfectly, even if you are working at a glass table or on a difficult surface. Laser mice have lower power consumption, but their cost is slightly higher than their optical predecessors.
Mice differ in design. When it seemed that there was nowhere to develop in functionality, manufacturers began to refine themselves in beauty. Ergonomic mice appeared that fit just on the arm, mice with different textures, mice with multi-colored or monophonic backlighting, different colors, different sizes.
Children's mice in the form of various animals deserve special attention: tiger cubs, bunnies, and cubs. But all of them, as a rule, are not of very good quality, as they are designed for children, and they do not need any additional functions, such as double-clicking with one button or speed modes.
Which mouse to choose?
Currently, all mouse models are primarily divided into wired and wireless. If you do not want to think about the periodic replacement of batteries and use a special computer table, then you will be quite happy with the option of a wire. If you buy a mouse for a laptop or just don’t like wires, then, of course, the wireless option is more suitable for you. Many people think that wireless mice are inferior to wired ones precisely because of the unreliability of radio signals, but if this was once true, then in the past. Today, all mice work stably, provided that these are not the cheapest mice from unknown manufacturers. By the way, if you are looking for a device for a laptop, then you should pay attention to the mouse, specially made for such purposes. They are usually smaller, and wired options allow you to twist the wire into a special "snail" for easy transportation.
By the way, for gamers, the wired mouse is the most ideal option, because the speed of action and the lightning-fast reaction to mouse actions The A4Tech X7 gaming computer mouse is needed primarily in games where fractions of seconds are everything. Moreover, wireless mice, as a rule, are much heavier in weight than wired ones, due to the batteries installed in them, and this, naturally, leads to the fact that the hand gets tired from long work. But wireless computer mice have an undeniable advantage over wired ones - this is the absence of wires and greater freedom of action for the user. After all, it can be used at a distance of several meters from the computer, which in some situations is very important.
The batteries (batteries) in a wireless computer mouse can be recharged in various ways: using a special charger (for recharging finger-type rechargeable batteries) or installing them in a special “socket” in the base (if you purchased this version of a computer mouse with a base). Both wired and wireless options today are mostly connected via a USB port, and sometimes in addition are equipped with PS / 2 adapters.
Optical or laser computer mouse - which is better?
The next important point. There are two main types of mice. Optical and laser. No, of course, there are still mechanical (ball-type) ones, but you need to follow them to the nearest museum, so we won’t talk about them. Laser computer mouse Optical mice are very reliable because they do not have moving elements. Instead, an optoelectronic sensor is used, consisting of an LED emitting a light signal to the surface on which the mouse is located, and a receiver of the reflected signal, which calculates the position and movement of the mouse, and then transfers this data to the cursor to move it on the monitor screen. Optical mice work on almost any surface, with the exception of glass and mirror.
The same is true for laser models. An important parameter of optical mice is sensitivity and resolution. It is usually measured in dots per inch and the larger the value, the more accurate the mouse. For example, the sensitivity of modern optical mice is in the range from 400 to 4000 dots per inch (dpi). Today, almost any optical mouse in accuracy can satisfy any ordinary user.
The laser mouse does not differ in principle from the optical mouse, but thanks to the use of the laser, its accuracy is significantly improved. Such models are perfect for those who are engaged in computer graphics, draws on a computer and, of course, gamers. As for the latter, there are also special mice for them with additional keys, which can often be customized to fit your needs, which is incredibly convenient in games, especially in shooters where seconds are everything. It is also important that in many models of computer mice there is the possibility of changing the resolution by simply pressing the appropriate button on its body. Thus, it’s quite easy to choose the cursor speed that is comfortable for you on the monitor screen.
Unlike optical, laser computer mice can work on absolutely any surface, even on glass, polished and varnished. The ideal choice here is the Razer Imperator laser mouse, which also has a resolution of 5600 dpi.
In conclusion, a little about the manufacturers. Traditionally considered to be excellent mice from companies such as Logitech, Microsoft. Quite decent characteristics of the products of the company A4Tech. And gamers will definitely be pleased with the products of Razer. However, you will have to pay a little for the quality.
In a word, choose a computer mouse individually for yourself, evaluating all the pros and cons. When buying, do not hesitate to try it on your hand, and the better and more convenient it will lie, the more convenient and comfortable you will work with it.
Inflatable computer mouse
It would seem that such a small gadget as a computer mouse, can it be even more compact? It turns out maybe. As proved by the designers, inventors of the world's only inflatable mouse Jelly Click. All the necessary electronics are hidden in a flexible case, and the manipulator itself is made of soft silicone. At rest, the mouse resembles a dense plastic bag and practically does not take up space in the bag. To work, Jelly Click just needs to inflate like a balloon.
Flexible computer mice
An unusual mouse was invented by Microsoft Corporation. Their concept is called Le Arc Touch Mouse, and announced as a compact and flexible touchpad pointing device. This mouse can be easily bent, adjusting the appropriate height so that the hand is comfortable and does not disturb the pain in the wrist. And the mentioned touch panel replaces the traditional wheel and the very middle button that can be configured for any action. If desired, this can be a double click, opening a link in a new tab, or automatically opening a new window.
Curved mouse for computer
When working with a laptop outside the home or office, you often have to drive the mouse not on smooth horizontal planes, but why. As a "what will have to" acts, mainly, your own leg or armrest of a chair. Therefore, the body of an innovative mouse should be made concave / curved, adapting it for such non-standard surfaces. This idea formed the basis for the development of the Arc Mouse concept, an original computer mouse from Korean designers.
and many others.
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The main parts of a computer mouse
Usually computer mouse has two buttons: main button (usually left) and auxiliary button (usually right). You will use the main button more often than others.
Most mice also have a wheel between the buttons, making it easy to scroll through documents and web pages. On some mice, the wheel can be pressed like the third button. Mice with advanced functionality may have additional buttons with other functions.
How to hold and move a computer mouse
Place the mouse near the keyboard on a clean, flat surface, such as a mouse pad. Hold your mouse, do not strain your hand. The index finger should lie on the main button, and the thumb should be on the side.
To move the mouse, slowly drag it in any direction. Do not twist the mouse - it should be aimed at the wire from you. When moving the mouse, the pointer (see the figure) on the screen moves in the same direction. If the table or mouse pad is over and you cannot move the mouse further, lift it and move it closer to you.
Hold the mouse effortlessly to keep your wrist straight
Pointing, clicking, and dragging objects with the mouse
Pointing to an object on the screen means that the mouse moves so that the pointer touches the object. If you hover over a particular object, a small window often appears with a description of the object.
For example, if you hover over the "Trash" on the desktop, a rectangle appears with the following inscription: "Contains files and folders that have been deleted."
The pointer may vary depending on what it is referenced. For example, if you hover over a link in a browser, the pointer changes shape from an arrow to a hand that points with your finger.
Most mouse actions combine hovering with one of the mouse buttons. There are four main ways to use the mouse buttons: click, double click, right click and drag.
To double-click an object, hover over it on the screen and double-click quickly. If the interval between two clicks is too long, the system can interpret them as two separate clicks, and not as double.
Double-clicking is often used to open objects on the desktop. For example, you can open an application or folder by double-clicking its icon on the desktop.
If you cannot double-click, you can adjust double click speed (time interval allowed between clicks).
Follow these steps:
- Click to open the mouse properties window.
- Select tab Buttonsand then move the slider Double click speedto decrease or increase speed.
To right-click an object, move the cursor over it on the screen, press and release the auxiliary button (usually the right one).
Right-clicking an object can usually display list of actions that can be performed on it. For example, if you right-click the Trash can icon on the desktop, a menu appears that allows you to open the trash, empty it, delete it, or view its properties. If you are not sure what to do with a certain object, right-click.
Drag and drop interface elements
Objects can be moved around the screen using drag and drop. To drag an object, hover over the object, press and hold the main button, move the object to the desired location, and then release the main button.
Drag and drop is often used to move files and folders to another location, as well as to move windows and icons on the screen.
Computer mouse setup
You can customize the mouse according to your preference. For example, you can change the speed at which the mouse pointer moves around the screen or the appearance of the pointer.
If you have better control of your left hand, you can make the main mouse button right. For more information, see Change mouse settings.
Safe use of a computer mouse
Properly holding and moving the mouse can prevent pain or damage to the wrist and arm, especially when using the computer for a long time.
Here are some tips to help prevent problems:
- Position the mouse at elbow level. Your forearms should relax to the sides.
- Do not squeeze or squeeze the mouse firmly. Keep it easy.
- Move the mouse by rotating the arm at the elbow. Do not bend your wrist down, up, or sideways.
- Press the mouse buttons easily.
- Keep your fingers relaxed. Do not hold them tight over the keys.
- When not using the mouse, do not hold it.
- Take short breaks from your computer every 15-20 minutes.
For more information about the other components of a computer, see What is a Personal Computer.
And how does Parvillo move the mouse cursor over the clock to see the date in the tooltip? I've been pointing many times ... Something doesn’t come up! Well, damn the clock, Microsoft made the date impossible to find out! I have been actively using the mouse for 20 years (and how not to use it, if a whole series of important actions can be done only by her), but I still can’t ...