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Chickens are prone to infection with parasitic worms, such as roundworms and tapeworms. Although not all types of worms harm the chicken system, some can lead to weight loss, poor egg production, and even death. There are several ways to deworm chickens, including the use of natural kieselguhr and anthelmintic drugs.
What is helminthiasis. Causes
Helminthiasis is a pathology in which helminthic lesions occur. The parasite can be found in various organs and tissues, but is most often found in the intestines, goiter, respiratory system and oviduct of chickens.
Worms are parasites that are dangerous to humans.
Worms, depending on the species, can eat food entering the body of the chicken, or its tissues. The condition of the infected individual worsens rapidly, as it begins to suffer from exhaustion.
Important! The presence of worms in the body causes a suppression of immunity - the bird is defenseless against infections.
The main causes of helminth infections in chickens are:
- keeping the bird in the mud and in excessive humidity,
- lack of litter change,
- giving chickens water from open reservoirs,
- use of dubious feed
- the presence of rodents in the chicken coop,
- the use of worms and snails by chickens (they carry worm eggs),
- purchase from the hands of individuals who were not subjected to anthelmintic treatment.
It is impossible to completely protect the bird from infection with parasites. Because of this, anthelmintic treatment of chickens should be carried out regularly using special veterinary drugs.
Advice! You can gobble a chicken not only with a preparation for birds, but also with tablets against worms for cats, be sure to count the dose by weight of the bird.
From what age do deworming puppy? Scheme
Veterinarians recommend regular deworming in babies. An optimal scheme has been developed that does not allow parasites to develop in the puppy's body and cause significant harm to his health.
So, in order to protect your four-legged pet from helminths, you should adhere to a simple scheme:
- Perform the first treatment after the baby reaches the age of 3 weeks. If you take the puppy from the breeder, then specify whether deworming was carried out, in what terms and what veterinary preparations were used,
- Up to a year, the procedure should be carried out once a quarter.
- After reaching the age of 12 months, animals should be given an antiparasitic agent every six months.
It is important: It is strictly forbidden to use drugs that are designed to treat and prevent helminthic infestations in adult animals to combat endoparasites in puppies. Trying to change the dosage can lead to disastrous consequences.
On the shelves of veterinary pharmacies there is a huge selection of modern and safe antiparasitic drugs to combat helminthic infestations in puppies.
Deworming of dogs before vaccination
Of particular note is the deworming prior to routine vaccination. Experts always remind dog owners of the need to rid the animal of parasites 1.5-2 weeks before vaccination.
This requirement has a very serious justification. It will still be necessary to rid the dog of parasites. But to do it better BEFORE vaccination and that is why.
Modern vaccines not only very effectively protect the pet's body from infection with serious viruses or bacteria. After the injection, the immune system experiences impressive loads. After all, its task is to develop antibodies in response to an introduced pathogen.
The animal weakens and is more susceptible to the negative effects of pathogenic microflora. The body in this period needs high-quality nutrition, a complete set of vitamins and minerals.
If endoparasites are present in the intestines, then they take part of the necessary vitamins and nutrients. The recovery process after vaccination will be much more complicated and will be longer.
It is important: If for some reason the owner did not manage to give his pet an antiparasitic drug 10-14 days before the expected date of vaccination, then you should wait a while. Allow the dog to recover from the vaccine and only then can an antiparasitic be given.
Deworming of pregnant and lactating bitches
The question of the need for the prevention of helminth infections in pregnant and lactating bitches causes a lot of controversy. Let’s try to figure out when and how the treatment should be carried out, and in which cases it will be necessary to abandon it.
Consider the mechanism of invasion of babies on the example of toxocars.
After pregnancy, the hormonal background changes in the body of the animal. The consequence of this is the activation of parasite larvae, and the time comes for migration. Some of them enter the lungs and intestines. And the other part penetrates the puppy's body through the placental barrier. There, the larvae invade the puppy's organs.
Before giving an anthelmintic drug to a pregnant or lactating female, you should carefully study its annotation.
The manufacturer always indicates the possibility of using the drug, dosage and timing for animals of this group.
In most cases, deworming is carried out in the last third of pregnancy. This eliminates the infection of puppies. Processing lactating bitches from parasites earlier than 2-3 weeks after giving birth is not recommended. 3 weeks after the birth, you can conduct simultaneous treatment of the bitch and puppies.
How often to do regular deworming dog
Many owners are interested in the question of how often it is necessary to give anthelmintic drugs to your pet.
A classic is the prevention scheme for an adult, which is carried out once every 6 months.
But, as with any rule, there are certain exceptions. Experts advise regular treatment of helminths for those dogs that:
- Eat fresh meat, fish and dairy products. In this case, the risk of infection with eggs or worm larvae increases. The risk group includes animals whose owners take fresh offal in markets, slaughterhouses or purchase them from private owners after slaughtering livestock,
- They have free access to the street. For example, in the yard there is a dog that the owner lets out to run along the street. It is impossible to control food intake during the walk of such an individual. Often, the dog returns after a long period of absence. What and how he ate all this time, as well as which animals he was in contact with, is unknown
It is important: Prevention of helminthiasis on a quarterly basis in any of the above cases will be a reasonable decision, because the animal is in direct contact with family members and can become a source of infection.
In what other cases is deworming necessary?
Veterinarians remind you that there are a number of specific rules. Observing their owner reliably protects his pet from parasitic invasion. So, deworming should be carried out:
1. Two weeks before the intended mating. At the same time, drugs are given to both the bitch and the dog.
Therefore, you should pre-negotiate this issue with the owners of the dog. Statistics show that prophylaxis of parasitic infestation 14 days before mating increases the chances of getting healthy offspring.
In the body of an adult dog, some types of parasites do not manifest themselves until the moment when their number becomes critical. But for a newborn puppy, their presence in the body can be fatal.
The deworming of the dog must be carried out so that in the process of communication before mating, he does not infect the bitch.
2. If the dog is lost and absent for a long time. Such animals often eat in the trash or consume spoiled food waste.
3. If a second animal appears in the house, then it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment of it and the previous pet.
4. After reaching the age of 12 months, experts recommend regular deworming. The optimal solution is to use the appropriate drugs 2-3 times a year.
It is important: consultation with a veterinarian will allow you to choose the frequency of preventive measures so that the removal of parasites occurs 2 weeks before vaccination. Thus, you can reduce the number of treatments and not give drugs to your pet more often than necessary.
Dog deworming preparations
A huge selection of effective and safe anthelmintic drugs is presented on the domestic market. Among experienced dog handlers, drugs of a wide spectrum of action (that is, those that have a destructive effect on the maximum number of types of helminths) are especially popular. These include:
What are anthelmintic drugs?
On the shelves of veterinary pharmacies, you can find an impressive amount of a variety of antiparasitic drugs. Most of them are combined and contain two or more active components with anthelmintic properties:
- Albendazole, etc.
Consultation with a veterinarian will help you choose an anthelmintic drug that is ideal for your pet, depending on its concomitant diseases, general condition, body weight, as well as physiological condition and age group. The specialist will also tell you in what form it is better to give a means for deworming.
This is the standard form of anthelmintic drugs, which enjoys well-deserved recognition by a dog handler. The tablets are easy to use, they are easy to store and dose depending on the body weight of the animal. Some of the most well-known tablet preparations include:
- Asinox and Asinox +. The active substance is represented by praziquantel. Active against tapeworms. The composition of Azinox + also included tetramisole, which also ensures the death of round parasites. The dosage is calculated on the basis of 1 tablet for every 10 kg of mass.,
- Pratel. The manufacturer included praziquantel and pyrantel in its composition. It is fatal for adults and larvae of round and tapeworms. The dosage is the same
- Febtal. Fenbendazole became its active ingredient. Breeders recognized its effectiveness against larvae and sexually mature individuals of round and tapeworms. The dosage depends on the weight and age of the dog and is indicated in the instructions for use.
The choice of preformed anthelmintic drugs is wide enough so each owner will be able to choose the best worm remedy for his pet.
Drops from worms
Antiparasitic drugs in the form of drops at the withers are becoming increasingly popular. They not only help rid the animal of ectoparasites (fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, and lice-eaters), but also reliably protect it from helminthic invasion.
These drugs include:
- Lawyer. Designed to destroy round parasites. Efficiency is due to the content of moxidectin and imidoclooprid. The dosage depends on the body weight of the animal.
- Inspector. Its active ingredients are moxidectin and finpronil. Dosage depends on the weight and age of the pet.
Among the advantages of drops at the withers, experts include ease of processing, duration of protection and affordable price. The accumulation of the drug occurs in the sebaceous glands, subcutaneous tissue and the deep layers of the epidermis.
It is important: Do not allow the drug to enter damaged areas of the skin, as well as the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth or conjunctiva.