A service such as horse riding is offered to tourists at any resort. But in order to feel confident in the saddle, you need to at least theoretically understand how to control a horse. Of course, using only theory to learn how to ride will not work. But knowing the basic rules of running a horse, you can quickly get comfortable in the saddle. In equestrian schools, specialists developed whole teaching methods that differ from each other. We will talk about the main points on which it is worth focusing.
How to drive a horse
Immediately it is worth mentioning that, before climbing a horse, it is worth making friends with it. Only animals with which mutual understanding is found will manage. It can be achieved through talking and offering goodies. Do not come to the horse empty-handed. You need to find out what she loves the most, and bring her refreshments. Once understanding is achieved, riding a horse will be much easier.
You must not try to climb a horse for the first time without an instructor or a person who is familiar with horse riding firsthand. If you fall from a horse, you can get a serious, sometimes even incompatible with life injury.
Why reins are needed
The reins are given to the horse by different teams. Using this control, the rider makes it clear to the animal when to go, and when to stop, when you can go to the gallop, and when you need to take a calm step. Also, with a horse’s motive, the rider makes it clear to the animal that it should be turned in one direction or another. When driving a horse, remember that the occasion is connected to an iron element (snaffle), which is located in the horse's mouth. With sharp movements of the reins, the rider pains the animal, which can provoke an unforeseen reaction.
In order to give commands correctly and quickly with an excuse, you should pick it up correctly. As a rule, they take a pretext into a fist, pressing it with the thumb to the index finger. You should experiment with different ways of holding the reins and find the best one for yourself. At the same time, do not enslave your fists too much while riding: the muscles should be in a slightly relaxed position. With excessive stress, your hands quickly get tired, and the movements are sharp. The horse may misinterpret such signals or react too actively.
If you need to turn right, you should use your right hand to pull the reins to control the horse. All movements should be done smoothly. It is advisable to pull the occasion not only with the right hand, but also with the left, but the left hand is pressed against the neck of the animal. As soon as the horse understood what was required of her, the reins were immediately released. After the horse fulfills the requirements, a smart animal must be praised. You can do this by simply stroking his neck. During a turn, it is important to tilt the body towards the turn (in our case, to the right). This is done so as not to lose balance.
Schenkel's role in horse management
The horse is not only driven by reason. An equally important function is the schenkel. It is needed in order for the animal to accelerate its pace. This horse control is located near the foot. Accordingly, it is controlled with its help. The whole structure located near the leg (from the foot to the knee) is called a schenkel.
They use a schenkel not only to go to a gallop. This control is also needed to:
- the horse started walking after a stop,
- make a turn
- the animal quickened its pace.
Depending on how much you need to accelerate the pace, use different movements. If, for example, you need to add a little speed, just slightly press the sides of the horse. If you need to significantly catch up, the horse is actively tapped on the sides.
During a horse ride, the legs should not be constantly pressed to the sides of the animal: this scares him. In addition, a shankel is an element of horse control. If you constantly keep your legs pressed to the sides, the animal will no longer perceive the commands given with this control. She will perceive tapping with her schenkel on her sides as normal during riding.
Some commands are issued immediately by several controls. So, for example, the stop command is given by the reins and the shenkel at the same time. They pull on the reins at the same time with both hands, while pressing the shankel to the sides of the horse. So that the animal does not doubt the meaning of the command given, it will not be superfluous to lean back with the body.
With constant training, the horse will begin to understand the commands given by one movement of the body. But for this you need to spend a lot of time in the saddle.
The role of the whip and spurs in management
To control the horse, in addition to the reins and the shankel, they use whip and spurs. First of all, let's talk about spurs. Novice riders are not allowed to wear them, and this is no coincidence: spurs are sharp enough and can harm a horse. Accordingly, they can be used to control animals only to those riders who have a certain riding experience behind them.
When choosing spurs, you should pay attention to the fact that some of them are prohibited by the equestrian federation. So, for example, overly sharp spurs cannot be used. Spurs are needed in order to accelerate the step of the horse or transfer it to a gallop. In other words, spurs enhance the action of the schenkel.
In parallel with spurs, riders use a whip to increase the speed of a horse. Also, a whip is used as a tool to punish a steed for disobedience. It is better for novice riders to do without this control for some time: it is able to cause a different reaction for the horse. Do not use the whip too often. It is very important that the horse is not afraid of this tool. This is the main principle of its use.